Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

In Vitro Screening of Medicinal Plants Used in Mexico as Antidiabetics with Glucosidase and Lipase Inhibitory Activities

Table 1

Alpha-glucosidase and lipase inhibition of 23 medicinal plants used in Mexico for diabetes trearment.

Scientific nameLocal nameYield %glucosidase % inhibitionaLipase % inhibitionb

Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.Huizache19.0
Achillea millefolium L.Milenrama27.3
Annona squamosa L.Anona16.4
Artemisia absinthium L.Ajenjo15.5
Bidens pilosa L.Aceitilla16.2
Calea ternifolia KunthProdigiosa18.4
Camellia sinensis (L.) KuntzeTe Verde35.5
Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol.Guarumbo18.6
Hintonia latiflora (Sessé & Moc. ex DC.) BullockCopalchi41.3
Crataegus mexicana Moc. & Sessé ex DC.Tejocote27.5 ppt
Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Eucalipto22.5
Guazuma ulmifolia Lam.Guacima15.4
Iostephane heterophylla (Cav.) Benth.Zacapal24.3
Justicia spicigera Schltdl.Muicle22.1
Lepidium virginicum L.Lentejita17.4
Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H.RavenClavillo37.0
Marrubium vulgare L.Marrubio19.4
Persea americana Mill.Aguacate27.8
Piper sanctum Miq.Hoja santa22.2 15.1±2.2
Psidium guajava L.Guayaba24.5 ppt
Ricinus communis L.Higuerilla24.3
Tamarindus indica L.Tamarindo18.8 ppt
Taraxacum officinale WebbDiente de León22.1
Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex KunthTronadora25.6

a Percentage of -glucosidase inhibition was calculated at = 10 min, whereby the reaction = (mean free glucose in sample/mean free glucose in uninhibited control) × 100.
b Percentage of lipase inhibition was calculated using the slope at = 2–5 min, whereby the reaction = (mean slope in sample/mean slope in uninhibited control) × 100.
ppt: sample precipitation strongly interfered with lipase assay.

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