Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 727121, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/727121
Research Article

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on the PC-5 and PC-6 Points Alleviated Hypotension after Epidural Anaesthesia, Depending on the Stimulus Frequency

1Department of Surgery, Toki Municipal General Hospital, Gifu 509-5193, Japan
2Multidisciplinary Pain Centre, Aichi Medical University, School of Medicine, 21 Karimata, Nagakutecho, Aichigun, Aichi 480-1195, Japan

Received 13 October 2011; Accepted 27 October 2011

Academic Editor: Gerhard Litscher

Copyright © 2012 Young-Chang P. Arai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Holte, N. B. Foss, C. Svensén, C. Lund, J. L. Madsen, and H. Kehlet, “Epidural anesthesia, hypotension, and changes in intravascular volume,” Anesthesiology, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 281–286, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Curatolo, P. Scaramozzino, F. S. Venuti, A. Orlando, and A. M. Zbinden, “Factors associated with hypotension and bradycardia after epidural blockade,” Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol. 83, no. 5, pp. 1033–1040, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. C. Tjen-A-Looi, P. Li, and J. C. Longhurst, “Midbrain vlPAG inhibits rVLM cardiovascular sympathoexcitatory responses during electroacupuncture,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 290, no. 6, pp. H2543–H2553, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Li, S. C. Tjen-A-Looi, and J. C. Longhurst, “Excitatory projections from arcuate nucleus to ventrolateral periaqueductal gray in electroacupuncture inhibition of cardiovascular reflexes,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 290, no. 6, pp. H2535–H2542, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Syuu, H. Matsubara, T. Kiyooka et al., “Cardiovascular beneficial effects of electroacupuncture at Neiguan (PC-6) acupoint in anesthetized open-chest dog,” The Japanese Journal of Physiology, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 231–238, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. Syuu, H. Matsubara, S. Hosogi, and H. Suga, “Pressor effect of electroacupuncture on hemorrhagic hypotension,” American Journal of Physiology, vol. 285, no. 6, pp. R1446–R1452, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. C. Arai, N. Kato, M. Matsura et al., “Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation at the PC-5 and PC-6 acupoints reduced the severity of hypotension after spinal anaesthesia in patients undergoing Caesarean section,” British Journal of Anaesthesia, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 78–81, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Li, O. Ayannusi, C. Reid, and J. C. Longhurst, “Inhibitory effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the pressor response induced by exercise stress,” Clinical Autonomic Research, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 182–188, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Chen, J. Tang, P. F. White et al., “The effect of location of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on postoperative opioid analgesic requirement: acupoint versus nonacupoint stimulation,” Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 1129–1134, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Zárate, M. Mingus, P. F. White et al., “The use of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation for preventing nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic surgery,” Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 629–635, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  11. B. Wang, J. Tang, P. F. White et al., “Effect of the intensity of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation on the postoperative analgesic requirement,” Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 406–413, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. Haker, H. Egekvist, and P. Bjerring, “Effect of sensory stimulation (acupuncture) on sympathetic and parasympathetic activities in healthy subjects,” Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 52–59, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Z. Li, C. Wang, A. F. Mak, and D. H. Chow, “Effects of acupuncture on heart rate variability in normal subjects under fatigue and non-fatigue state,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 94, no. 5-6, pp. 633–640, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. L. Clement, C. L. Pelletier, and J. T. Shepherd, “Role of muscular contraction in the reflex vascular responses to stimulation of muscle afferents in the dog,” Circulation Research, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 386–392, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Johansson, “Circulatory responses to stimulation of somatic afferents with special reference to depressor effects from muscle nerves,” Acta physiologica Scandinavica. Supplementum, vol. 198, pp. 1–91, 1962. View at Google Scholar