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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 731208, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/731208
Research Article

Epimedium koreanum Extract and Its Constituent Icariin Improve Motor Dysfunction in Spinal Cord Injury

Division of Neuromedical Science, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama 930-0194, Japan

Received 8 May 2012; Accepted 11 July 2012

Academic Editor: Jairo Kenupp Bastos

Copyright © 2012 Chihiro Tohda and Aiko Nagata. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Although cell transplantation strategies for spinal cord injury (SCI) using sources such as iPS cells and neural stem cells are focused as expectative therapies for SCI, the possibility of medication as more accessible and practical way should not be given up. We, therefore, aimed to develop medical sources for SCI. In this paper, we evaluated effects of a famous tonic herb, Epimedium koreanum, on motor dysfunction in spinal cord injury (SCI). The spinal cord was injured by contusion after laminectomy at T10 level. Oral administration of the methanol extract of E. koreanum significantly enhanced hindlimb function in SCI mice by short period treatment (for initial 3 days) and chronic treatment (21 days), although chronic treatment recovered the function more potently. Since it is well known that icariin is the major constituent in E. koreanum, icariin was administered orally to SCI mice for initial 3 days. Motor dysfunction was ameliorated by icariin treatment similarly to the methanol extract of E. koreanum. This paper is the first report to indicate E. koreanum is effective for recovery of motor function in SCI, and at least icariin is an active constituent.