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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 989705, 7 pages
Research Article

Randomized Comparison of the Therapeutic Effect of Acupuncture, Massage, and Tachibana-Style-Method on Stiff Shoulders by Measuring Muscle Firmness, VAS, Pulse, and Blood Pressure

1Nihon Traditional Medical Society, Denenchofu 2-45-8 Ota-ku, Tokyo 145-0071, Japan
2Shinjuku Vocational College of Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Judo Therapy (SSJS), Samoncho 5, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-007, Japan
3Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Tokyo Dental College, Mihama-ku, Chiba 261-8502, Japan

Received 12 August 2011; Revised 28 October 2011; Accepted 13 November 2011

Academic Editor: Vitaly Napadow

Copyright © 2012 Kazuhiro Tachibana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


To compare the therapeutic efficacy of acupuncture, massage, and Tachibana-Ryojutsu (one of Japanese traditional body balance therapy techniques (SEITAI)), on stiff shoulders, the subjects’ muscle firmness, blood pressure, pulse, VAS, and body temperature were measured before and after the treatment. Forty-seven volunteer subjects gave written informed consent to participate in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups to receive acupuncture, massage, or Tachibana-Ryojutsu. Each therapy lasted for 90 seconds. The acupuncture treatment was applied by a retaining-needle at GB-21, massage was conducted softly on the shoulders, and Tachibana-Ryojutsu treated only the muscles and joints from the legs to buttocks without touching the shoulders or backs. The study indicated that the muscle firmness and VAS of the Tachibana-Ryojutsu group decreased significantly in comparison with the acupuncture and massage groups after treatment.