Table 5: Several advanced commonly used herbs.

HerbFunctionTraditional useMajor ingredientPharmacologic effectModern application

Artemisia apiacea Hce
[18, 19]
Antipyretic, antimalariaFever, malaria, icterus153148.tab.005aRegulation of immune function, and anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antimalarial role.Malaria such as encephalopathy, bilious malaria

Panax ginseng C.A.Mey [37]Reinforce qi, reduce anxietyFatigue, chronic illness, dehydration153148.tab.005b   
Main component is ginseng saponin (can be divided into three groups, namely, oleanolic acid group, protopanaxdiol, and the original Panaxatriol group)
Improve physical, mental activity, and strengthen immunity. The pharmacological activity of ginseng has an “adaptogens” like effect.Antitumor activity

Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi [38]Heat dampness, anticoagulation, tocolysis.Cough, tocolytic, icterus153148.tab.005cDecrease cerebral vascular resistance, improve cerebral blood circulation, increase cerebral blood flow and antiplatelet aggregation.Paralysis after cerebrovascular disease

Astragalus hoangtchy [39]“Solid the surface,” detumescence“Qi weakness,” chronic diarrhea, rectal prolapse, blood in the stool, uterine bleeding, “blood deficiency,” diabetes, chronic nephritis, proteinuria.153148.tab.005dStrengthens immunity, stimulates erythropoeisis, increases the number of red blood cells, hepatoprotective effect, enhances adrenal function, improves fatigue, antiaging, antiulcerHypertension, ischemic heart disease; cerebral infarction, cerebral thrombosis, diabetes, acute glomerulonephritis, myasthenia gravis, cardiac arrhythmia, psoriasis, chronic rhinitis.

Herba epimedii [40]Reinforce kidney yang, antirheumatismAtrophic arthritis, dormientum spermatorrhea, hypertension.153148.tab.005eModulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and adrenal cortical axis, and the thymus axis, immunomodulatory effects, antiasthmatic, anti-inflammatory and antiviral effects, improves the hemodynamic and hemorheology.Polio; neurasthenia; treatment of chronic bronchitis; male hormone-like effects.