Table 5: The number of microorganisms strains isolated from gingival sulcus of Group I patients, who used toothpaste with or without propolis.

Species of microorganismsGroup I—patients, who used
Toothpaste with propolis
(specimen T)
Toothpaste without propolis
(specimen G)
ExaminationExamination
First (1)Second (2)Third (3)First (1)Second (2)Third (3)

Gram-positive cocci:
Streptococcus canis 111
Streptococcus constellatus 1
Streptococcus intermedius 4222
Streptococcus mitis 111233
Streptococcus salivarius 14221
Streptococcus sanguinis 5321
Streptococcus parasanguinis 1
Staphylococcus aureus MSSA1
Staphylococcus capitis 1
Staphylococcus epidermidis MSCNS11
Staphylococcus hominis 11
Staphylococcus xylosus 1
Gram-negative cocci:
 Veillonella parvula 121
Gram-positive rods:
 Atopobium minutum 1
 Bifidobacterium breve 1
 Bifidobacterium infantis 1
 Bifidobacterium longum 1
 Clostridium baratii 1
 Clostridium butyricum 1
 Clostridium perfringens 1
 Clostridium ramosum 1
 Clostridium tertium 1
 Propionibacterium acnes 1
 Actinomyces israelii 1
 Actinomyces viscosus 1
Gram-negative rods:
 Bacteroides ureolyticus 1
 Campylobacter gracilis 11
 Escherichia coli 1
Yeast fungi:
 Candida albicans 1

Number of microorganisms strains (altogether)131110161411
(34)(41)