Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use among Physicians in Oriental Medicine Hospitals in Vietnam: A Hospital-Based Survey

Table 4

Association between demographic factors and overall scores of knowledge, practice, and attitude toward CAM and western medication use.

Knowledge scorePractice scoreWestern medication use (%)Attitude score
β (95% CI)Mean (SE)aβ (95% CI)Mean (SE)aβ (95% CI)Mean (SE)aβ (95% CI)Mean (SE)a

Age (yrs)
 >45 1.97 (0.004 to 3.93)26.2 (0.6)−0.45 (−1.32 to 0.43)5.5 (0.3)−5.69 (−16.0 to 4.6)45.8 (3.2)0.45 (−0.22 to 1.12)10.3 (0.2)
 36–45 ( )0.77 (−0.87 to 2.42) 25.0 (0.6)−0.33 (−1.07 to 0.40)5.6 (0.3)−3.58 (−12.2 to 5.05)47.9 (3.1)0.32 (−0.25 to 0.88)10.1 (0.2)
 ≤35 ( )Ref24.2 (0.8)Ref6.0 (0.3)Ref51.5 (4.0)Ref9.8 (0.3)
Gender
 Men ( )0.26 (−0.84 to 1.35)25.2 (0.5)0.08 (−0.41 to 0.57)5.7 (0.2)4.71 (−1.04 to 10.5)50.8 (2.6)0.21 (−0.16 to 0.59)10.2 (0.2)
 Women ( )Ref25.0 (0.5)Ref5.7 (0.2)Ref46.1 (2.6)Ref10.0 (0.2)
Department
 Inpatient ( )0.84 (−0.42 to 2.11)25.5 (0.4)0.26 (−0.30 to 0.82)5.8 (0.2)3.48 (−3.15 to 10.1)50.2 (2.2)−0.14 (−0.58 to 0.29)10.0 (0.1)
 Outpatient ( )Ref24.7 (0.6)Ref5.6 (0.3)Ref46.7 (3.2)Ref10.1 (0.2)
Length of experience in TM practice (yrs)
 ≥20 ( )−3.23 (−5.24 to −1.21)**23.3 (0.8)−0.69 (−1.59 to 0.21)5.4 (0.3)−7.03 (−17.6 to 3.52)44.1 (4.0)−0.97 (−1.66 to −0.28)**9.5 (0.3)
 10–19 )−1.14 (−2.63 to 0.34)25.4 (0.6)−0.39 (−0.13 to 1.05)5.7 (0.3)−1.18 (−8.97 to 6.62)50.0 (3.0)−0.38 (−0.89 to 0.13)10.1 (0.2)
 <10 ( )Ref26.6 (0.6)Ref6.1 (0.3)Ref51.2 (3.4)Ref10.5 (0.2)
Number of patients seen per day (pts)
 ≥21 ( )0.79 (−0.74 to 2.31)25.8 (0.6)0.65 (−0.03 to 1.34)6.0 (0.3)6.94 (−1.05 to 14.9)55.3 (3.2)−0.12 (−0.64 to 0.40)10.0 (0.2)
 11–20 ( )−0.66 (−1.97 to 0.66)24.4 (0.6)0.46 (−0.13 to 1.05)5.8 (0.3)−6.67 (−13.6 to 0.24)41.7 (3.0)0.07 (−0.38 to 0.52)10.1 (0.2)
 ≤10 ( )Ref25.1 (0.6)Ref5.3 (0.3)Ref48.3 (3.0)Ref10.1 (0.2)
Running private clinic
 Yes ( )0.78 (−0.74 to 2.31)25.5 (0.6)0.56 (−0.04 to 1.15)6.0 (0.3)1.88 (−5.16 to 8.92)49.4 (3.3)0.35 (−0.12 to 0.81)10.2 (0.2)
 No ( )Ref24.7 (0.4)Ref5.4 (0.2)Ref47.5 (2.2)Ref9.9 (0.1)
Education in TM
 Graduate ( )2.75 (4.12 to 15.4)***26.5 (0.5)1.12 (0.51 to 1.74)***6.3 (0.3)−3.54 (−10.7 to 3.64)46.6 (2.7)0.79 (0.32 to 1.26)**10.5 (0.2)
 Undergraduate ( )Ref23.7 (0.6)Ref5.1 (0.3)Ref50.2 (3.0)Ref9.7 (0.2)
Medical specialty
 OMD ( 1.48 (0.24 to2.72)*25.8 (0.4)−0.10 (−0.65 to 0.46)5.6 (0.2)−13.3 (−19.8 to −6.7)***41.8 (2.3)−0.36 (−0.78 to 0.07)9.9 (0.1)
 GP ( )Ref24.4 (0.6)Ref5.7 (0.3)Ref55.0 (3.1)Ref10.2 (0.2)
Hospital level
 National ( )2.77 (1.36 to 4.18)***26.5 (0.6)1.06 (0.43 to 1.69)**6.2 (0.3)12.2 (4.86 to 19.6)**54.5 (3.3)0.07 (−0.41 to 0.55)10.1 (0.2)
 Provincial ( )Ref23.7 (0.5)Ref5.2 (0.2)Ref42.3 (2.4)Ref10.0 (0.2)

Linear regression analysis in which age, gender, department, length of experience in TM practice (yrs), number of patients seen per day, experience running a private clinic, education in TM, specialty type, and hospital level were considered predictive factors. β (95% CI) beta coefficient and 95% confident interval; aadjusted mean and standard error. Ref: the group was set up as reference. ;  ;  .