Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 404956, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/404956
Research Article

Comparison of Electroacupuncture in Restrained and Unrestrained Rat Models

1Neuroscience Research Institute & Department of Neurobiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100191, China
2Center for Integrative Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 685 W. Baltimore Street, MSTF Rm 8-22, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
3Key Laboratory for Neuroscience, Ministry of Education/National Health and Family Planning Commission, Peking University, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100191, China

Received 22 December 2012; Revised 10 April 2013; Accepted 22 April 2013

Academic Editor: Xinyan Gao

Copyright © 2013 Haolin Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Wan, S. G. Wilson, J. S. Mogil, J. C. Zhang, L. Yao, and J. S. Han, “Contributions of cylindrical restraint and needle insertion to the analgesia obtained from electroacupuncture in mice,” Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, vol. 26, pp. 236–240, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Yi, H. Zhang, L. Lao, G. G. Xing, and Y. Wan, “Anterior cingulate cortex is crucial for contra- but not ipsi-lateral electro-acupuncture in the formalin-induced inflammatory pain model of rats,” Molecular Pain, vol. 7, article 61, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. K. Butler and D. P. Finn, “Stress-induced analgesia,” Progress in Neurobiology, vol. 88, no. 3, pp. 184–202, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. S. Han, “Acupuncture: neuropeptide release produced by electrical stimulation of different frequencies,” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Schimek, C. R. Chapman, R. F. Gerlach, and Y. H. Colpitts, “Varying electrical acupuncture stimulation intensity: Effects of dental pain-evoked potentials,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 499–503, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Shukla, A. Torossian, J. R. Duann, and A. Leung, “The analgesic effect of electroacupuncture on acute thermal pain perception-a central neural correlate study with fMRI,” Molecular Pain, vol. 7, article 45, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. Taguchi and R. Taguchi, “Effect of varying frequency and duration of electroacupuncture stimulation on carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 80–86, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. M. Wang, E. C. Lin, I. Maranets, and Z. N. Kain, “The impact of asynchronous electroacupuncture stimulation duration on cold thermal pain threshold,” Anesthesia and analgesia, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 932–935, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. Zhu, W. D. Xu, P. J. Rong, H. Ben, and X. Y. Gao, “A C-fiber reflex inhibition induced by electroacupuncture with different intensities applied at homotopic and heterotopic acupoints in rats selectively destructive effects on myelinated and unmyelinated afferent fibers,” Brain Research, vol. 1011, no. 2, pp. 228–237, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Wang, D. Li, X. Li et al., “Phase-amplitude coupling between theta and gamma oscillations during nociception in rat electroencephalography,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 499, no. 2, pp. 84–87, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Yi and H. Zhang, “Nociceptive memory in the brain: cortical mechanisms of chronic pain,” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 31, pp. 13343–13345, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  12. L. Lao, R. X. Zhang, G. Zhang, X. Wang, B. M. Berman, and K. Ren, “A parametric study of electroacupuncture on persistent hyperalgesia and Fos protein expression in rats,” Brain Research, vol. 1020, no. 1-2, pp. 18–29, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Li, R. X. Zhang, Y. Wang et al., “Corticosterone mediates electroacupuncture-produced anti-edema in a rat model of inflammation,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 7, article 27, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. K. S. Hui, E. E. Nixon, M. G. Vangel et al., “Characterization of the "deqi" response in acupuncture,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 7, article 33, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus