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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 406365, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/406365
Review Article

Use of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for the Detection of Glycemic Elements in Indian Medicinal Plants

1Department of NMR, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India
2UJ Nanomaterials Science Research Group, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 17011, Doornfontein, Johannesburg 2028, South Africa
3Alternative Therapeutics Unit, Drug Discovery & Development Division, Medicinal Research Lab, Department of Chemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, India
4Department of Biochemistry, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, India
5Department of Chemistry, State University of New York, 1 Hawk Drive, New Paltz, NY 12561, USA

Received 16 June 2013; Revised 7 August 2013; Accepted 30 August 2013

Academic Editor: Sharad Kr. Srivastava

Copyright © 2013 Prashant Kumar Rai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The demand for interdisciplinary research is increasing in the new millennium to help us understand complex problems and find solutions by integrating the knowledge from different disciplines. The present review is an excellent example of this and shows how unique combination of physics, chemistry, and biological techniques can be used for the evaluation of Indian medicinal herbs used for treating diabetes mellitus. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a sensitive optical technique that is widely used for its simplicity and versatility. This review presents the most recent application of LIBS for detection of glycemic elements in medicinal plants. The characteristics of matrices, object analysis, use of laser system, and analytical performances with respect to Indian herbs are discussed.