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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 504686, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/504686
Research Article

The Effect of Ouhyul Herbal Acupuncture Point Injections on Shoulder Pain after Stroke

1Department of Cardiovascular & Neurologic Diseases, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung-Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Department of Cardiovascular and Neurologic Diseases, Hospital of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegi, Seoul 130-702, Republic of Korea

Received 20 October 2012; Revised 20 May 2013; Accepted 21 May 2013

Academic Editor: Myeong Soo Lee

Copyright © 2013 Yu-Ri Seo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An effective and safe remedy for shoulder pain is needed as shoulder pain is a common complication of stroke and restricts recovery of patients. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Ouhyul herbal acupuncture point injection (O-API) on shoulder pain in patients with stroke. Twenty-four participants with shoulder pain after stroke were recruited and randomized to the O-API and control groups. Treatment was conducted for 2 weeks three times per week. We evaluated the effects of treatment with a numerical rating scale (NRS), painless passive range of motion (PROM) of external shoulder rotation, and the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (FMMA) at baseline, each week, and 1 week after the final treatment. All measures were similar between the O-API and control groups at baseline. The O-API group showed significant improvement on the NRS compared with that in the control group after 2 weeks of treatment, and the treatment effect was maintained until the follow-up period. PROM decreased significantly in both groups, but the reduction was maintained only in the O-API group. No significant difference was observed on the FMMA between the two groups. O-API resulted in significant improvement in shoulder pain after stroke, and its effect was maintained after termination of treatment without any severe side effects.