Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 636081, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/636081
Review Article

Historical Review about Research on “Bonghan System” in China

Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China

Received 16 February 2013; Revised 8 May 2013; Accepted 20 May 2013

Academic Editor: M. Isabel Miguel Perez

Copyright © 2013 Jun-Ling Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Q. Xia and C. S. Jia, “Meridian-collaterals,” in Complete Works of Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, X. T. Wang, Ed., vol. 1 of Basis of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Science, chapter 4, p. 57, Henan Science and Technology Press, 1988 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar
  2. B. H. Kim, “Study on the reality of acupuncture meridians,” Journal of Jo Sun Medicine, vol. 9, pp. 5–13, 1962 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  3. B. H. Kim, “On the acupuncture meridian system,” Journal of Jo Sun Medicine, vol. 90, pp. 6–35, 1963 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  4. B. H. Kim, “On the Kyungrak system,” Journal of the Academy of Medical ScienceS of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, vol. 90, pp. 1–41, 1963. View at Google Scholar
  5. B. H. . Kim, “The Kyungrak system,” Journal of Jo Sun Medicine, vol. 108, pp. 1–38, 1965 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  6. B. H. . Kim, “Sanal theory,” Journal of Jo Sun Medicine, vol. 108, pp. 39–62, 1965 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  7. B. H. Kim, “Sanal and hematopoiesis,” Journal of Jo Sun Medicine, vol. 108, pp. 1–6, 1965 (Korean). View at Google Scholar
  8. X. Liu, “Review on the Replication of ‘Bongham Meridian Entity’,” Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 353–354, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  9. H.-S. Shin, H.-M. Johng, B.-C. Lee et al., “Feulgen reaction study of novel threadlike structures (Bonghan ducts) on the surfaces of mammalian organs,” Anatomical Record B, vol. 284, no. 1, pp. 35–40, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. S. Soh, K. A. Kang, and D. Harrison, Eds., The Primo Vascular System: Its Role in Cancer and Regeneration, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  11. B. S. Kwon, M. H. Chang, S. S. Yu, B. C. Lee, J. Y. Ro, and S. Hwang, “Microscopic nodes and ducts inside lymphatics and on the surfaces of internal organs are rich in granulocytes and secretory granules,” Cytokine, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 587–592, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  12. B. C. Lee, K. Y. Baik, H. M. Johng et al., “Acridine orange staining method to reveal the characteristic features of an intravascular threadlike structure,” Anatomical Record B, vol. 278, no. 1, pp. 27–30, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Fujiwara and S. B. Yu, “Bonghan theory: morphological studies,” Igakuro Ayumi, vol. 60, pp. 567–577, 1967 (Japanese). View at Google Scholar
  14. G. Kellner, “Bau und Funktion der Haut,” Dtsch Zschr Akup, vol. 15, pp. 1–31, 1966 (German). View at Google Scholar
  15. D. Li, Acupuncture Meridian Theory and Acupuncture Points, Foreign Languages Press, 1st edition, 1991.
  16. S. Wu, J. Li, F. X. Liang, H. Y. Jin, and H. Wang, “Effect of acupuncture on the activity of gastrointestinal electricity,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 477–480, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. X. Wang, H. Shi, H. Shang et al., “Are primo vessels (PVs) on the surface of gastrointestine involved in regulation of gastric motility induced by stimulating acupoints ST36 or CV12?” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 787683, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. H. H. Chan, “What is being stimulated in acupuncture: evaluation of the existence of a specific substrate,” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 25–33, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. W. Lü, “Afferent fiber innervation on acupuncture points and its role in acupuncture analgesia,” Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–32, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Takeshige, K. Oka, T. Mizuno et al., “The acupuncture point and its connecting central pathway for producing acupuncture analgesia,” Brain Research Bulletin, vol. 30, no. 1-2, pp. 53–67, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. Y. Chiang and C. Chang, “Peripheral afferent pathway for acupuncture analgesia,” Scientia Sinica B, vol. 16, pp. 210–217, 1973. View at Google Scholar
  22. B. Pomeranz and D. Paley, “Peripheral afferent pathway for acupuncture analgesia,” Experimental Neurology, vol. 66, pp. 398–402, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. C. Longhurst, “Defining meridians: a modern basis of understanding,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 67–74, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K.-S. Soh, “Bonghan circulatory system as an extension of acupuncture meridians,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 93–106, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. Ogay, K. H. Bae, K. W. Kim, and K. Soh, “Comparison of the characteristic features of Bonghan ducts, blood and lymphatic capillaries,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 107–117, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. W. Ma, H. Tong, W. Xu et al., “Perivascular space: possible anatomical substrate for the meridian,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 851–859, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. S. Soh, “Current state of research on the primo vascular system,” The Primo Vascular System, pp. 25–39, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  28. S. Hong, J. S. Yoo, J. Y. Hong et al., “Immunohistochemical and electron microscopic study of the meridian-like system on the surface of internal organs of rats,” Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research, vol. 32, no. 3-4, pp. 195–210, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. Lim, M. Chae, J. Kim, J. Sohn, and K. S. Soh, “Development of a laparoscopic system for in vivo observation of the Bonghan structure,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 248–252, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. S. J. Lee, B. C. Lee, C. H. Nam et al., “Proteomic analysis for tissues and liquid from Bonghan ducts on rabbit intestinal surfaces,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 97–109, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. J. Jung, S. Y. Cho, K. H. Bae et al., “Protocol for the observation of the primo vascular system in the lymph vessels of rabbits,” Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 234–240, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  32. D. Z. Li and S. Z. Li, Exploration on Secrets of Meridian-Collaterals of Chinese Medicine, Liberation Army Press, Beijing, China, 2003.
  33. Z. G. Wang, X. Y. Lü, J. Y. Gao et al., “Study on signal transmission characteristics of meridian based on electrical network theory and experiments,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 705–710, 2011 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Z. W. Meng, Z. X. Zhu, and X. L. Hu, “Progress in the research of meridian phenomena in China during the last five years,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 145–152, 1985 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. Chen, L. Jin, and H. Chen, “Advances and trends in the researches on meridians,” Journal of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1470–1478, 2008 (Chinese). View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus