Table 3: Constituents of fatty acids in Raphani Semen.

Major fatty acids (chemical names) and their chemical structuresMolecular formulaeContents
(%/g, dried seeds) [4751]
Pharmacological effects

Erucic acid
(cis-13-docosenoic acid) 
636194.table.002a
C22H42O210.20–13.27 N/A

Oleic acid
(cis-9-octadecenoic acid)
636194.table.002b
C18H34O27.62–1.22 Anticancer effect via targeting at telomerase inhibitor [58]

Linoleic acid
-Linolenic acid
(9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid)
636194.table.002c

-Linolenic acid
(6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid)
636194.table.002d
C18H32O23.30–5.17Effective on atherosclerosis induced by cholesterol-rich diet [59],
Control blood-lipid levels of patients with hyperlipidemia [60]

Eicosenoic acid*  
636194.table.002e
C20H38O2 3.08–3.99N/A

Palmitic acid
(hexadecanoic acid)
636194.table.002f
C16H32O21.86–2.24N/A

Stearic acid
(octadecanoic acid)
636194.table.002g
C18H36O20.65–0.97Lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level [61]

Nervonic acid
(cis-15-tetracosanoic acid)
636194.table.002h
C24H46O20.45–0.74Serving as a dietary therapy in demyelinating diseases [62],
Preventive effects on obesity-related metabolic disorders [63]

Myristic acid
(tetradecanoic acid)
636194.table.002i
C14H28O2TracePrevention of testosterone-induced prostatic hyperplasia in rats [64]

Arachidic acid
(eicosanoic acid)
636194.table.002j
C20H40O2TraceN/A

Eicosadienoic acid
(11,14-eicosadienoic acid)
636194.table.002k
C20H36O2TraceN/A

Behenic acid
(docosanoic acid)
636194.table.002l
C22H44O2TraceN/A

Lignoceric acid
(tetracosanoic acid)
636194.table.002m
C24H48O2TraceActivation of NADPH oxidase in human dermal fibroblasts [65]

Palmitoleic acid
(cis-9-hexadecenoic acid)
636194.table.002n
C16H30O2TraceReduction of insulin resistance and hepatic lipid accumulation by chronic administration [66]

One of the representative structures of the chemical.
N/A; not applicable.