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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 697390, 13 pages
Review Article

Recent Progress of Propolis for Its Biological and Chemical Compositions and Its Botanical Origin

Department of Food Science, College of Food Engineering, State University of Campinas, Monteiro Lobato Street n.80, P.O. Box 6177, 13083-862 Campinas, SP, Brazil

Received 25 January 2013; Accepted 12 March 2013

Academic Editor: Ewelina Szliszka

Copyright © 2013 Viviane Cristina Toreti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Propolis is the generic name given to the product obtained from resinous substances, which is gummy and balsamic and which is collected by bees from flowers, buds, and exudates of plants. It is a popular folk medicine possessing a broad spectrum of biological activities. These biological properties are related to its chemical composition and more specifically to the phenolic compounds that vary in their structure and concentration depending on the region of production, availability of sources to collect plant resins, genetic variability of the queen bee, the technique used for production, and the season in which propolis is produced. Many scientific articles are published every year in different international journal, and several groups of researchers have focused their attention on the chemical compounds and biological activity of propolis. This paper presents a review on the publications on propolis and patents of applications and biological constituents of propolis.