Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Brazilein from Caesalpinia sappan L. Antioxidant Inhibits Adipocyte Differentiation and Induces Apoptosis through Caspase-3 Activity and Anthelmintic Activities against Hymenolepis nana and Anisakis simplex

Figure 5

Effect of brazilein on H. nana. Treatment with various concentrations of brazilein (10, 50 and 100 μM) with incubation times of 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h on H. nana, respectively. Time course of effect on oscillation (A) and peristalsis (B) of H. nana of brazilein presented as percentages. Vehicle is 0.1% DMSO solvent. Each value is presented as of three individual experiments; indicates a significant difference from the result for vehicle-treated worms.