Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Comparative Effectiveness of the Deqi Sensation and Non-Deqi by Moxibustion Stimulation: A Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis

Table 2

Baseline characteristics of study patients.

ItemsTrial group Control group value

Age, mean (SD), years56.13 (7.55)59.34 (7.21)0.04
Sex (%)0.0002
 Female12 (26.67)32 (71.11)
 Male33 (73.33)13 (28.89)
Duration of knee pain (%) 0.67
 <5 years33 (73.33)30 (66.67)
 5–10 years9 (20.00)11 (24.44)
 >10 years3 (6.67)4 (8.89)
BMI, mean (SD), kg/m′22.12 (3.12)24.22 (3.30)0.002
GPCRND-KOA grade (%)0.51
 Severe31 (68.89)28 (62.22)
 Moderate14 (31.11)17 (37.78)
Knee circumference, mean (SD), cm40.26 (3.31)42.21 (3.25)0.005
GPCRND-KOA score, mean (SD)13.45 (3.28)11.12 (3.13)0.0006
Previous treatment (past half year, %)0.041
 Pharmaceutical intervention31 (68.89)18 (40.00)
 Physiotherapy 11 (24.44)20 (44.44)
 Previous acupuncture treatment3 (6.67)5 (11.11)

BMI: Body Mass Index; GPCRND-KOA: guiding principle of clinical research on new drugs in the treatment of KOA score; SD: standard deviation; KOA: knee osteoarthritis.

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