Table 3: Mean values of spiritual needs scores.

Religious needsExistential needsInner peace needsGiving/generativity

All
 Mean0.540.591.071.29
 SD0.580.490.630.91
Gender
 Female
  Mean0.600.601.061.28
  SD0.590.490.610.92
 Male
  Mean0.260.591.111.31
  SD0.440.490.730.87

value5.30.00.10.0
value.023n.s.n.s.n.s.

Self-care abilities
 Only with help
  Mean0.680.661.031.27
  SD0.670.450.641.00
 Largely independent
  Mean0.390.500.911.19
  SD0.490.450.500.70
 Independent
  Mean0.450.581.271.42
  SD0.460.570.700.95

value2.70.92.40.6
value.074n.s..092n.s.

Results are means ± standard deviation (SD) of the respective scales (range: 0–3) as measured with the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ). We judged < .05 as significant but indicated also statistically notable trends (.5 < < 1.1).