Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy on Patients Awaiting Ambulatory Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Summary of baseline characteristics of the study population ( ).

Total ( )Bergamot essential oil ( )Control ( ) value

Age1 (years)45.4 (11.7)45.0 (12.2)45.9 (11.4)0.687
Gender2
 Male44 (40.4%)20 (37.7%)24 (42.9%)0.697
 Female65 (59.6%)33 (62.3%)32 (57.1%)
BMI1 (kg/m2)23.7 (3.9)23.8 (4.5)23.6 (3.2)0.712
Education2
 Elementary school or below14 (12.8%)5 (9.4%)9 (16.1%)0.238
 High school37 (33.9%)22 (41.5%)15 (26.8%)
 College or above58 (53.2%)26 (49.1%)32 (57.1%)
Surgery2
 Neurosurgery53 (48.6%)26 (49.1%)27 (48.2%)0.791
 Plastic surgery29 (26.6%)12 (22.6%)17 (30.4%)
 General surgery13 (11.9%)6 (11.3%)7 (12.5%)
 ENT4 (3.7%)2 (3.8%)2 (3.6%)
 Urology3 (2.8%)2 (3.8%)1 (1.8%)
 Obstetrics and gynaecology3 (2.8%)3 (5.7%)0 (0.0%)
 Breast surgery2 (1.8%)1 (1.9%)1 (1.8%)
 Dermatology2 (1.8%)1 (1.9%)1 (1.8%)
With experience of surgery2
 Yes75 (68.8%)30 (56.6%)45 (80.4%)0.013*
 No34 (31.2%)23 (43.4%)11 (19.6%)
Smoking2
 Yes31 (28.4%)15 (28.3%)16 (28.6%)1.000
 No78 (71.6%)38 (71.7%)40 (71.4%)
Drinking2
 Yes36 (33.0%)16 (30.2%)20 (35.7%)0.550
 No73 (67.0%)37 (69.8%)36 (64.3%)
Heart rate1 (beat/min)77.2 (10.2)77.1 (10.0)77.3 (10.5)0.901
SBP1 (mmHg)127.7 (17.3)129.3 (15.9)126.2 (18.5)0.354
DBP1 (mmHg)76.0 (11.1)76.7 (11.3)75.4 (11.0)0.531
Baseline STAI143.6 (11.0)45.4 (10.8)42.0 (11.0)0.106

indicates a significant difference between groups.
1Data are presented as mean and SD.
2Data are presented as number and percent.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.