Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Tai Chi Chuan Exercise for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease

Table 2

Effect of Tai Chi in patients with stroke.


Hart et al. (2004) [62]RCT
(randomized controlled trial)
18 men
average of 27 months after the onset of the stroke
Tai Chi group ( ): Tai Chi for 1 h twice weekly
Control group ( ): group exercises focusing on improvement of balance
Tai Chi group improved in general functioning and social functioning but did not exhibit changes in balance or speed of walking
Control group improved in balance, speed of walking, climbing stairs, and the Up and Go Test but showed no changes in general and social functioning

Au-Yeung et al. (2009) [63]RCT136 men
6 months after stroke
Tai Chi group ( ): 12 weeks of short-form Tai Chi (Sun style). 1 hour of group practice weekly; 3 hours of self-practice per week
Control group ( ), breathing and stretching exercises; active mobilization of muscles and joints of the limbs and trunk
Tai Chi group showed greater COG excursion amplitude in leaning forward, backward, and toward the affected and nonaffected sides as well as faster reaction time in moving the COG toward the nonaffected side
The Tai Chi group demonstrated better reliance on vestibular integration for balance control

Wang et al. (2010) [64]RCT34 elderly patients after stroke Tai Chi group ( ): group sessions once a week for 12 weeks
Rehabilitation group ( ): conventional rehabilitation program
No significant effects of interaction between group and time in the time courses of P300 amplitudes and latencies
Significant time-by-group interactions for Sleep Quality, general health total score, anxiety/insomnia score, and depression score

Taylor-Piliae and Coull (2012) [65]RCT28 subjects aged 69 ± 11 years
3 months after stroke
Tai Chi group ( ): Yang style 24-posture short-form Tai Chi exercise 150 min/week for 12 weeks
Usual care group ( ): weekly phone calls along with written materials for participating in community-based physical activity
No falls or other adverse events
The changes in balance, endurance, and quality of life scores were in favor of the Tai Chi intervention
The changes in overall physical functioning, strength, and gait speed were greater for usual care subjects

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