Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

A Comparative Analysis of Ethnomedicinal Practices for Treating Gastrointestinal Disorders Used by Communities Living in Three National Parks (Korea)

Table 3

Ethnomedicinal practices for treating gastrointestinal disorders recorded in three national parks.

DisordersClassificationFamily nameScientific name *Abbreviation **RegionKorean nameUsed partPreparationFL

AnimalAnguillidaeAnguilla japonica Temminck and SchlegelA6JNPBaemjangeoWhole partSimmer50.00
ApidaeApis cerana FabriciusA7JNPJaeraekkulbeolHoneyRaw3.45
BombycidaeBombyx mori L.A12GNP, JNPNuenabangLarva, PupaDecoction and panbroiled100.00
ColumbidaeStreptopelia orientalis LathamA60GNPMetbidulgiMeatSimmer33.33
CongridaeConger myriaster BrevoortA18HNPBungjangeoGallbladderRaw100.00
OsmeridaePlecoglossus altivelis Temminck and SchlegelA45JNPEuneoWhole partSimmer100.00
PercichthyidaeLateolabrax japonicus Cuvier and ValenciennesA30HNPNongeoGallbladderDried, dissolution, powder, and raw85.71
PhasianidaeGallus gallus domesticus L.A25GNP, JNPDakWhole partInfusion23.38
SuidaeSus scrofa L.A62HNPDwaejiGallbladderRaw and maceration40.00
FungiGanodermataceaeGanoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. KarstF2GNPYeongjiWhole partBoiling22.22
PleurotaceaeLentinula edodes (Berk.) Sing.F3JNPPyogoWhole partPorridge100.00
PolyporaceaeFomes fomentarius (L.) Fr.F1JNPMalgupbeoseotWhole partDecoction33.33
ActinidiaceaeActinidia arguta (Siebold and Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.P4GNPDaraeStemInfusion66.67
AnacardiaceaeRhus javanica L.P106JNPBungnamuGallnutDecoction100.00
Rhus verniciflua StokesP107JNPOnnamuBark, stemInfusion11.43
AraliaceaeAralia cordata var. continentalis (Kitag.) Y.C.ChuP14GNPDokhwalRootInfusion30.00
Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus (Rupr. and Maxim.) S.Y.HuP42JNPOgalpinamuStemDecoction and infusion100.00
AsteraceaeArtemisia princeps Pamp.P17GNP, HNP, JNPSsukAerial part, leaf, whole part, Young leafInfusion, juice, and tea51.13
Cirsium japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Matsum.P28GNPEonggeongkwiRootJuice40.00
Zinnia violacea Cav.P141JNPBaegilhongStemInfusion100.00
BrassicaceaeRaphanus sativus L.P102JNPMuRootBoiling and dried100.00
CampanulaceaePlatycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A.DC.P86GNPDorajiRootInfusion100.00
EuphorbiaceaeRicinus communis L.P109HNPPimajaSeedOil1.10
FabaceaeGlycine max (L.) Merr.P50JNPKongSeedFermentation and dissolution15.29
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.P51GNPGamchoRootInfusion46.15
Pueraria lobata (Willd.) OhwiP97GNPChikFlower, rootDried, decoction, grain syrup, and infusion25.76
Sophora flavescens Solander ex AitonP122GNPGosamRootMaceration6.25
Abdominal painGentianaceaeGentiana scabra BungeP47GNPYongdamRootA sweet drink made from fermented rice and infusion96.00
GeraniaceaeGeranium sibiricum L.P48JNPJwisonipulWhole partDecoction100.00
Geranium thunbergii Siebold and Zucc.P49GNP, HNPIjilpulLeaf, whole partDecoction and infusion76.92
JuglandaceaeJuglans mandshurica Maxim.P58JNPGaraenamuFruitRaw100.00
Platycarya strobilacea Siebold and Zucc.P85GNPGulpinamuStemInfusion100.00
LamiaceaeLeonurus japonicus Houtt.P61GNP, HNP, JNPIngmochoAerial partDecoction, infusion, juice, pill, and taffy88.71
Mentha piperascens (Malinv.) HolmesP69HNPBakhaLeafJuice100.00
Perilla frutescens var. japonica (Hassk.) HaraP77GNPDeulkkaeSeedMixed in honey63.64
PlantSalvia plebeia R.Br.P114GNPBaeamchajeugiWhole partInfusion50.00
LardizabalaceaeAkebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne.P8GNPEureumdeonggulStemInfusion85.71
LiliaceaeAllium scorodorprasum var. viviparum RegelP11HNPManeulBulbJuice42.86
MeliaceaeMelia azedarach L.P68HNPMeolguseulnamuFruitDecoction47.37
PapaveraceaePapaver somniferum L.P74GNP, JNPYanggwibiFruit, leaf, stem, whole partBrewing, decoction, dissolution, dried, grain syrup, infusion, maceration, and raw82.54
PhytolaccaceaePhytolacca esculenta VanHoutteP80GNPJarigongRootInfusion29.41
PlantaginaceaePlantago asiatica L.P84GNPJilgyeongiRootJuice6.90
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.P54GNPBoriMalt, seedDissolution and steep5.52
Oryza sativa L.P72JNPByeoSeedPorridge42.86
Oryza sativa var. terrestris MakinoP73HNPSanduSeedPorridge15.38
Triticum aestivum L.P129HNPMilSeedPill3.85
Zea mays L.P139GNPOksusuStyleInfusion100.00
PunicaceaePunica granatum L.P99GNP, HNPSeongnyunamuFruitExtraction, infusion, and raw50.00
RanunculaceaePulsatilla koreana (Yabe ex Nakai) Nakai ex NakaiP98GNPHalmikkotRootA sweet drink made from fermented rice, grain syrup, and infusion44.78
RosaceaePrunus davidiana (Carriere) Franch.P93GNPSanboksanamuFruitExtraction100.00
Prunus mume Siebold and Zucc.P94GNP, JNPMaesillamuFruitExtraction40.30
Sanguisorba officinalis L.P115HNPOipulRootDecoction22.22
RubiaceaeGardenia jasminoides EllisP45JNPChijanamuFruitDecoction100.00
RutaceaePhellodendron amurense Rupr.P79HNPHwangbyeongnamuBarkBrewing and decoction7.69
Zanthoxylum schinifolium Siebold and Zucc.P138GNPSanchonamuFruitOil21.43
SchisandraceaeSchisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.P117GNPOmijaStemInfusion66.67
SolanaceaeSolanum nigrum L.P121GNPKkamajungAerial partInfusion11.76
TheaceaeCamellia japonica L.P21HNPDongbaengnamuFruitOil40.00
VitaceaeVitis coignetiae Pulliat ex Planch.P135GNPMeoruStemInfusion100.00

AnimalParalichthyidaeParalichthys olivaceus Temminck and SchlegelA41HNPNeopchiGallbladderDried100.00
PercichthyidaeLateolabrax japonicus Cuvier and ValenciennesA30HNPNongeoGallbladderDried14.29
SuidaeSus scrofa L.A62HNPDwaejiGallbladderDried20.00
CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativus L.P35JNPOiLeafRaw100.00
FabaceaeGlycine max (L.) Merr.P50JNPKongSeedFermentation and dissolution8.24
Acute gastroenteritisJuglandaceaeJuglans regia DodeP59JNPHodunamuNutRoast100.00
LiliaceaeAllium scorodoprasum var. viviparum RegelP11JNPManeulBulbRoast35.71
PlantMenispermaceaeCocculus trilobus (Thunb.) DC.P34JNPDaengdaengideonggulStemInfusion12.20
PlantaginaceaePlantago asiatica L.P84JNPJilgyeongiRootJuice13.79
PunicaceaePunica granatum L.P99JNPSeongnyunamuFruitBrewing, juice, and raw50.00
RanunculaceaeAconitum pseudolaeve NakaiP3JNPJinbeomLeaf, rootDecoction100.00

GryllotalpidaeGryllotalpa orientalis BurmeisterA28JNPTtanggangajiWhole partPowder83.33
MantidaeTenodera angustipennis SaussureA64JNPSamagwiEgg sacDecoction50.00
AnimalTenodera aridifolia StollA65JNPWangsamagwiEgg sacDecoction50.00
VespidaeVespa analis parallela AndreA67JNPJommalbeol Hive, imago, larvaBrewing81.82
Vespa crabro flavofasciata CameronA68JNPMalbeol Hive, imago, larvaBrewing87.10
Vespa simillimasimillima SmithA70JNPTeolbomalbeol Hive, imago, larvaBrewing81.82
FungiPolyporaceaeFomes fomentarius (L.: Fr.) Fr.F1JNPMalgupbeoseotWhole partDecoction33.33
AsteraceaeAinsliaea acerifolia Sch.Bip.P7JNPDanpungchwiLeafSeasoned cooked vegetables100.00
BoraginaceaeLithospermum erythrorhizon Siebold and Zucc.P63JNPJichiRootPowder11.11
ConstipationCactaceaeOpuntia ficus-indica var. saboten MakinoP71HNPSonbadakseoninjangStemRaw33.33
EbenaceaeDiospyros kaki Thunb.P41JNPGamnamuFruitFermentation2.40
EuphorbiaceaeRicinus communis L.P109GNP, HNPPimajaFruit, seedOil and panfried43.53
LiliaceaePolygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum (Miq.) OhwiP87JNPDunggulleRootTea40.00
PlantSmilax china L.P120JNPCheongmiraedeonggulFruitBrewing100.00
MeliaceaeMelia azedarach L.P68HNPMeolguseulnamuRootDecoction21.05
PhytolaccaceaePhytolacca esculenta VanHoutteP80GNPJarigongRootRaw35.29
RosaceaePrunus tomentosa Thunb.P95JNPAengdonamuFruitBrewing100.00
RutaceaeZanthoxylum schinifolium Siebold and Zucc.P138GNPSanchonamuFruitOil14.29
SaururaceaeSaururus chinensis (Lour.) Baill.P116JNPSambaekchoLeafDecoction50.00
TheaceaeCamellia japonica L.P21HNPDongbaengnamuFruitOil40.00

Deficiency of intestinal functionApidaeApis mellifera L.A8JNPYangbongkkulbeolHoneyRaw10.00
AnimalVespidaeVespa analis parallela Andre A67JNPJommalbeol Hive, larvaDecoction and infusion18.18
Vespa crabro flavofasciata CameronA68JNPMalbeol Hive, larvaDecoction and infusion12.90
Vespa simillima simillima SmithA70JNPTeolbomalbeol HiveDecoction and infusion18.18
PlantAsteraceaeArtemisia princeps Pamp.P17JNPSsukLeafTea0.32

AcrididaeAnapodisma beybienkoi Rentz and MillerA5JNPPalgongsanmitdeurimettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Arcyptera coreana ShirakiA9JNPChameorisapsariWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Chorthippus nakazimai FurukawaA17JNPSuyeomchireaemettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Gastrimargus marmoratus ThunbergA26JNPKongjungiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Locusta migratoria L.A32JNPPulmuchiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Megaulacobothrus aethalinus ZubowskyA34JNPCheongnalgaeaemettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Mongolotettix japonicus BolivarA36JNPSapsariWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Ognevia longipennis ShirakiA38JNPGinnalgaemitdeurimettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Ognevia sergii Ikonnikovi Rehn and RehniA39JNPWonsanmitdeurimettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Oxya japonica japonica ThunbergA40JNPByeomettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Patanga japonica BolivarA43JNPGaksimettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
AnimalShirakiacris shirakii BolivarA58JNPDeunggeomeunmettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
Stethophyma magister RehnA59JNPKkeutgeomeunmettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
GryllidaeTeleogryllus emma Ohmachi and MatsumuraA63JNPWanggwitturamiWhole partPowder100.00
MegascolecidaeLumbricus rubellus HoffmeisterA33JNPJireongiWhole partSimmer100.00
PhasianidaeGallus gallus domesticus L.A25GNPDakEggInfusion6.49
PyrgomorphidaeAtractomorpha lata MotschulskyA10JNPSeomseogumettugiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
RanidaeRana coreana OkadaA48JNPHanguksangaeguriWhole partSimmer100.00
Rana huanrenensis Fei, Ye, and HuangA49JNPGyegoksangaeguriWhole partSimmer100.00
Rana nigromaculata OkadaA50JNPChamgaeguriWhole partSimmer100.00
Rana temporaria dybowskii ShannonA51JNPBukbangsangaeguriWhole partSimmer100.00
SuidaeSus scrofa L.A62JNPDwaejiHideInfusion10.00
DiarrheaTubificidaeLimnodrilus gotoi HataiA31JNPSiljireongiWhole partSimmer100.00
VespidaeVespa mandarinia CameronA69JNPJangsumalbeol Hive, imago, and larvaDecoction100.00
FungiRamariaceaeRamaria botrytis (Pers.) RickenF4GNPSsaribeoseotWhole partInfusion100.00
AnacardiaceaeRhus verniciflua StokesP107GNPOnnamuStemBurn, dissolution, powder,2.86
AraceaePinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breitenb.P81JNPBanhaCormDecoction50.00
AsteraceaeArtemisia princeps Pamp.P17GNP, HNP, JNPSsukAerial part, leaf, stem, root, and whole partDecoction, extraction, infusion, juice, and moxibustion20.90
Taraxacum platycarpum Dahlst.P125JNPMindeulleWhole partJuice14.29
DioscoreaceaeDioscorea batatas Decne.P39HNPMaRootInfusion, raw6.67
EbenaceaeDiospyros kaki Thunb.P41GNP, HNP, JNPGamnamuFruit and peduncleDecoction, dried persimmon, infusion, and raw30.40
GeraniaceaeGeranium thunbergii Siebold and Zucc.P49HNPIjilpulWhole partDecoction15.38
LamiaceaeLeonurus japonicus Houtt.P61JNPIngmochoAerial partInfusion3.23
LiliaceaeAllium fistulosum L.P9JNPPaRootInfusion100.00
Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.P12JNPBuchuWhole partInfusion100.00
MalvaceaeHibiscus hamabo Siebold and Zucc.P53HNPHwanggeunRootDecoction100.00
PapaveraceaePapaver somniferum L.P74GNP, JNPYanggwibiFruit, stem, and whole partDecoction and dissolution16.67
PlantPinaceaePinus densiflora Siebold and Zucc.P82JNPSonamuEndodermisInfusion100.00
PlantaginaceaePlantago asiatica L.P84HNPJilgyeongiWhole partDecoction6.90
PoaceaeOryza sativa var. terrestis MakinoP73HNPSanduSeedPorridge76.92
Triticum aestivum L.P129JNPMilSeeddissolution7.69
PolygonaceaeRheum rhabarbarum L.P104HNPDaehwangRootDecoction100.00
Rumex acetosa L.P113HNPSuyeongRootDecoction100.00
PortulacaceaePortulaca oleracea L.P90GNPSoebireumAerial partSeasoned cooked vegetables, seasoned with condiments100.00
RanunculaceaeClematis trichotoma NakaiP33JNPHalmimilmangRootDecoction100.00
Thalictrum aquilegifolium var. sibiricum Regel and TilingP126JNPKkwonguidariLeaf and stemDecoction50.00
RutaceaeZanthoxylum schinifolium Siebold and Zucc.P138GNPSanchonamuFruitOil17.86
ViolaceaeViola mandshurica W. BeckerP131JNPJebikkotWhole partDecoction100.00

AnimalPhasianidaeGallus gallus domesticus L.A25GNPDakEggInfusion5.19
AsteraceaeArtemisia princeps Pamp.P17GNP, HNPSsukAerial part, leaf, and whole partInfusion, juice, and moxibustion6.11
FabaceaeGlycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.P51JNPGamchoRootDecoction and tea15.38
Pueraria lobata (Willd.) OhwiP97JNPChikRootDecoction0.76
DysenteryPlantGeraniaceaeGeranium thunbergii Siebold and Zucc.P49JNPIjilpulLeafDecoction7.69
PolygonaceaeRheum rhabarbarum L.P104JNPDaehwangRootDecoction and tea100.00
RosaceaeSanguisorba officinalis L.P115GNPOipulWhole partInfusion66.67
ViolaceaeViola verecunda A. GrayP132GNPKongjebikkotLeafSeasoned cooked vegetables100.00

EnteritisPlantRanunculaceae Thalictrum aquilegifolium var. sibiricum Regel and TilingP126JNPKkwonguidariLeaf, stemDecoction50.00

EnterotoxinPlantCampanulaceaeAdenophora triphylla var. japonica (Regel) H. HaraP6HNPJandaeRootWarm up in a double boiler100.00
CucurbitaceaeCucurbita moschata DuchesneP36HNPHobakFruitWarm up in a double boiler9.09

GastralgiaPlantAsteraceaeArtemisia princeps Pamp.P17HNPSsukYoung leafJuice1.61

FormicidaeFormica yessensis ForelA24JNPBulgaemiWhole partDecoction100.00
HominidaeHomo sapiens L.A29JNPSaramBoneBurn, pill, and powder100.00
AnimalMuridaeRattus norvegicus BerkenhoutA52JNPJipjwiYoung ratFermentation100.00
PhasianidaeGallus gallus domesticus L.A25JNPDakWhole partDecoction1.30
ScolopendridaeScolopendra subspinipes mutilans L. KochA54JNPJineWhole partDecoction100.00
Gastric cancerFungiTricholomataceaeTricholoma matsutake (S. Ito. and Imai) Sing.F6JNPSongiWhole partInfusion100.00
PlantAsteraceaeAtractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19JNPSapjuRootDecoction1.52
FabaceaeGlycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.P51JNPGamchoRootDecoction and roast7.69
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.P54JNPBoriSeedDecoction and roast0.69
RutaceaeCitrus unshiu S. Marcov.P30JNPGyulPericarpDecoction50.00
Poncirus trifoliata Raf.P88JNPTaengjanamuFruitDecoction33.33
UlmaceaeUlmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) NakaiP130HNP, JNPNeureumnamuRhizodermis and root barkDecoction3.09

Gastric ulcer PlantAsteraceaeAtractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19JNPSapjuRootDecoction1.52
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.P54GNP, JNPBoriMalt, seedA sweet drink made from fermented rice, powder, roast, and steam2.07
UlmaceaeUlmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) NakaiP130GNP, JNPNeureumnamuBarkA sweet drink made from fermented rice, decoction, infusion, and tea11.73

AnacardiaceaeRhus verniciflua StokesP107GNPOnnamuBarkSimmer2.86
AsteraceaeAtractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19GNPSapjuRootA sweet drink made from fermented rice and powder6.06
EricaceaeRhododendron mucronulatum Turcz. var. mucronulatum P105JNPJindallaeFlowerPanfried66.67
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.P54GNPBoriMalt, seedA sweet drink made from fermented rice1.38
GastritisPlantRanunculaceaeClematis terniflora var. mandshurica (Rupr.) OhwiP32HNPEuariRootTaffy57.14
RosaceaeRosa multiflora Thunb. var. multiflora P111JNPJjillekkotFlower, fruitDecoction, panfried87.50
RutaceaeCitrus unshiu S. Marcov.P30JNPGyulPericarpDecoction25.00
Zanthoxylum piperitum (L.) DC.P137GNPChopinamuFruitOil57.15
UlmaceaeUlmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) NakaiP130GNPNeureumnamuBarkA sweet drink made from fermented rice1.23

ApidaeApis cerana FabriciusA7GNPJaeraekkulbeolHoneyDissolution and raw93.10
Apis mellifera L.A8GNP, JNPYangbongkkulbeolHive, honey, larva, whole partDecoction, dissolution, power, and raw90.00
BlattellidaeBlattella germanica L.A11JNPBakwiWhole partPanbroiled and powder100.00
CervidaeCapreolus capreolus L.A13JNPNoruBoneSimmer100.00
Capreolus pygargus tianschanicus SatuninA14HNPNoruBoneSimmer100.00
ColubridaeDinodon rufozonatumrufozonatum CantorA19JNPNeunggureongiWhole partSimmer100.00
Elaphe dione PallasA20JNPNurukbaemWhole partSimmer100.00
Elaphe rufodorsata CantorA21JNPMujachiWhole partSimmer100.00
Elaphe schrenckii StrauchA22JNPGureongiWhole partSimmer100.00
Gloydius ussuriensis EmelianovA27JNPSoesalmosaWhole partSimmer100.00
Rhabdophis tigrinus tigrinus BoieA53JNPYuhyeolmogiWhole partSimmer100.00
ColumbidaeStreptopelia orientalis LathamA60JNPMetbidulgiWhole partSimmer66.67
CyprinidaeCarassius auratus L.A15JNPBungeoWhole partSimmer100.00
AnimalErinaceidaeErinaceus amurensis SchrenkA23GNPGoseumdochiWhole partInfusion100.00
GryllotalpidaeGryllotalpa orientalis BurmeisterA28JNPTtanggangajiWhole partPowder16.67
MytilidaeMytilus coruscus GouldA37HNPHonghapWhole partDecoction100.00
PhasianidaeGallus gallus domesticus L.A25GNP, HNP, JNPDakDung, whole partInfusion, panbroiled, steep61.04
Phasianus colchicus L.A44JNPKkwongWhole partSimmer100.00
PleuroceridaeSemisulcospira coreana Von MartensA55JNPChamdaseulgiWhole partJuice, panbroiled, powder, and simmer90.91
Semisulcospira forticosta Von MartensA56JNPJureumdaseulgiWhole partJuice, panbroiled, powder, and simmer91.67
Semisulcospira libertina GouldA57JNPDaseulgiWhole partJuice, panbroiled, powder, and simmer91.67
SphingidaeAgrius convolvuli L.A4JNPBakgaksiWhole partInfusion, maceration, and powder100.00
SuidaeSus scrofa L.A61JNPDwaejiGallbladderDried, mixed in liquor, pill, and simmer30.00
VespidaeVespula flaviceps lewisii CameronA71JNPTtangbeolHive, larvaBrewing and decoction100.00
Gloydius blomhoffii brevicaudus StejnegerA2JNPSalmosaWhole partSimmer100.00
Gloydius saxatilis EmelianovA3JNPKkachisalmosaWhole partSimmer100.00
FungiGanodermataceaeGanoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst.F2JNPYeongjiWhole partInfusion11.11
AceraceaeAcer pictum subsp. mono (Maxim.) OhashiP1JNPGorosoenamuSapRaw100.00
ActinidiaceaeActinidia arguta (Siebold and Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq.P4JNPDaraeStemDecoction33.33
Actinidia polygama (Siebold and Zucc.) Planch. ex Maxim.P5JNPGaedaraeStemA sweet drink made from fermented rice100.00
AnacardiaceaeRhus verniciflua StokesP107GNP, HNP, JNPOnnamuBark, resin, stem, young leafDecoction, dissolution, extraction, infusion, raw, and simmer72.14
ApocynaceaeTrachelospermum asiaticum (Siebold and Zucc.) Nakai var. asiaticum P127JNPMasakjulLeaf, stemDecoction100.00
AraliaceaeAralia cordata var. continentalis (Kitag.) Y.C.ChuP14GNPDokhwalRootMaceration, mixed in liquor60.00
Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz.P60GNPEumnamuStemA sweet drink made from fermented rice and brewing93.33
AsteraceaeArtemisia capillaris Thunb.P16GNPSacheolssukWhole partA sweet drink made from fermented rice, pill, and taffy80.00
Artemisia princeps Pamp.P17GNP, HNPSsukLeaf, whole partDecoction, infusion, juice, moxibustion, and powder12.22
Atractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19GNP, JNPSapjuRootA sweet drink made from fermented rice, decoction, dried, dissolution, infusion, pill, and powder68.94
Cirsium japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Matsum.P28GNP, HNPEonggeongkwiRootDecoction and juice60.00
Petasites japonicus (Siebold and Zucc.) Maxim.P78GNPMeowiLeaf and stemInfusion, wrapped in leaves, seasoned cooked vegetables100.00
Taraxacum platycarpum Dahlst.P125HNP, JNPMindeulleAerial part and whole partDecoction, infusion, and tea85.71
Xanthium strumarium L.P136GNPDokkomariWhole partA sweet drink made from fermented rice and brewing100.00
CactaceaeOpuntia ficus-indica var. saboten MakinoP71HNPSonbadakseoninjangStemRaw66.67
CaprifoliaceaeLonicera japonica Thunb.P64HNPIndongdeonggulFlowerDecoction33.33
CelastraceaeEuonymus alatus (Thunb.) SieboldP43GNP, JNPHwasallamuLeaf and stemDecoction, seasoned cooked vegetables40.54
Euonymus hamiltonianus Wall. var. hamiltonianus P44JNPChambitsallamuStemInfusion100.00
Gastroenteric troubleCrassulaceaeSedum sarmentosum BungeP118GNPDollamulWhole partWatery plain kimchi100.00
CucurbitaceaeCucurbita moschata DuchesneP36GNPHobakFruitInfusion90.91
Trichosanthes kirilowii var. japonica Kitam.P128HNPNoranghaneultariSapSap100.00
DioscoreaceaeDioscorea batatas Decne.P39GNP, JNPMaRootDecoction, maceration, oil, and raw90.00
DioscoreaceaeDioscorea japonica Thunb.P40GNPChammaRootRaw100.00
EbenaceaeDiospyros kaki Thunb.P41GNPGamnamupeduncleInfusion8.00
EricaceaeRhododendron mucronulatum Turcz. var. mucronulatum P105JNPJindallaeFlowerExtraction33.33
EuphorbiaceaeRicinus communis L.P109JNPPimajaSeedOil0.83
FabaceaeCaragana sinica (Buc’hoz) RehderP23GNPGoldamchoRootA sweet drink made from fermented rice100.00
Glycine max (L.) Merr.P50GNP, JNPKongSeedDissolution and fermentation37.65
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.P51GNP, HNP, JNPGamchoRootDecoction30.77
Pueraria lobata (Willd.) OhwiP97GNP, HNP, JNPChikRootBoiled rice, brewing, decoction, infusion, juice, and maceration46.21
Sophora flavescens Solander ex AitonP122GNP, HNPGosamFruit, rootDecoction, infusion, and raw68.75
LamiaceaeLeonurus japonicus Houtt.P61HNPIngmochoAerial partDecoction6.45
PlantPerilla frutescens var. japonica (Hassk.) HaraP77GNPDeulkkaeSeedSeasoned cooked vegetables36.36
Salvia plebeia R.Br.P114GNP, JNPBaeamchajeugiLeaf, whole partDecoction and infusion50.00
LauraceaeMachilus thunbergii Siebold and Zucc.P66HNPHubangnamuBarkDecoction75.00
LiliaceaeAllium scorodoprasum var. viviparum RegelP11HNPManeulBulbDecoction21.43
Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum (Miq.) OhwiP87HNPDunggulleRootTea40.00
MeliaceaeMelia azedarach L.P68HNPMeolguseulnamuRoot barkTaffy5.26
MenispermaceaeCocculus trilobus (Thunb.) DC.P34GNPDaengdaengideonggulRoot, stemInfusion and maceration78.05
MoraceaeMorus bombycis Koidz. var. bombycis P70JNPSanppongnamuRootDecoction and infusion100.00
OleaceaeLigustrum obtusifolium Siebold and Zucc.P62JNPJwittongnamuFruitDecoction100.00
OrchidaceaeGastrodia elata BlumeP46JNPCheonmaTuberPorridge100.00
PapaveraceaePapaver somniferum L.P74HNPYanggwibiLatexExtraction0.79
PinaceaePinus koraiensis Siebold and Zucc.P83JNPJannamuSeedRaw100.00
PlantaginaceaePlantago asiatica L.P84GNP, HNPJilgyeongiLeaf, petiole, whole partDecoction72.41
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.P54GNP, JNPBoriMalt, seedA sweet drink made from fermented rice, pill, and taffy33.79
Triticum aestivum L.P129GNPMilSeedA sweet drink made from fermented rice and brewing50.00
RanunculaceaeAconitum ciliare DC.P2JNPNotjeotgarangnamulRootInfusion and pill14.29
Clematis florida Thunb.P31JNPWiryeongseonRootDecoction100.00
Clematis terniflora var. mandshurica (Rupr.) OhwiP32HNPEuariRootDecoction42.86
Pulsatilla koreana (Yabe ex Nakai) Nakai ex NakaiP98GNP, JNPHalmikkotRootA sweet drink made from fermented rice, grain syrup, and infusion41.79
RhamnaceaeZiziphus jujuba var. inermis (Bunge) RehderP142GNP, HNPDaechunamuFruitInfusion, simmer100.00
RosaceaePrunus mume Siebold and Zucc.P94JNPMaesillamuFruitExtraction2.99
Rosa davurica Pall.P110JNPSaengyeolgwinamuFruitBrewing100.00
Sanguisorba officinalis L.P115HNPOipulRootDecoction11.11
RutaceaePhellodendron amurense Rupr.P79HNPHwangbyeongnamuInner layer of barkDecoction15.38
Zanthoxylum schinifolium Siebold and Zucc.P138JNPSanchonamuSeedOil21.43
SalicaceaePopulus maximowiczii A. HenryP89GNPHwangcheollamuEndodermisInfusion100.00
SaururaceaeHouttuynia cordata Thunb.P55HNPYangmomilWhole partDecoction100.00
Saururus chinensis (Lour.) Baill.P116HNPSambaekchoWhole partInfusion50.00
SchisandraceaeSchisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.P117HNPOmijaFruit, root, stemBrewing33.33
ScrophulariaceaeRehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) Libosch. ex Steud.P103JNPJihwangRootBrewing100.00
SolanaceaeLycium chinense Mill.P65GNP, HNPGugijanamuFruitDecoction and tea100.00
UlmaceaeUlmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) NakaiP130GNP, HNP, JNPNeureumnamuBark, leaf, endodermis, rhizodermis, root, stemA sweet drink made from fermented rice, boiling, decoction, dried, infusion, powder, simmer, and tea71.60
ZingiberaceaeCurcuma longa L.P38JNPUlgeumRootTea100.00
Zingiber officinale RoscoeP140HNPSaenggangRhizomeSimmer100.00

Gastroptosis PlantAsteraceaeAtractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19JNPSapjuRootDecoction0.76
GentianaceaeGentiana scabra BungeP47JNPYongdamRootTea4.00
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.P54JNPBoriSeedPowder, roast, and steam0.69

HeartburnPlantAsteraceaeAtractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19GNPSapjuRootPowder2.27
CelastraceaeEuonymus alatus (Thunb.) SieboldP43GNPHwasallamuLeaf, stemDecoction and seasoned cooked vegetables29.73
RosaceaePotentilla chinensis Ser.P91GNPTtakjikkotRootInfusion and raw50.00
Prunus mume Siebold and Zucc.P94GNPMaesillamuFruitExtraction3.73
UlmaceaeUlmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) NakaiP130GNPNeureumnamuBarkTea1.85

Hema fecesAnimalAnguillidaeAnguilla japonica Temminck and SchlegelA6JNPBaemjangeoWhole partSimmer50.00
Cetonia pilifera MotschulskyA16JNPKkonmujiLarvaBrewing100.00
Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis KolbeA46JNPHuinjeombagikkonmujiLarvaBrewing100.00
Protaetia mandschuriensis SchurhoffA47JNPManjujeombagikkonmujiLarvaBrewing100.00
PlantRosaceaeRosa rugosa Thunb. var. rugosa P112JNPHaedanghwaLeaf, rootDecoction100.00

HematemesisPlantTheaceaeCamellia japonica L.P21JNPDongbaengnamuFruitDecoction20.00

HookwormPlantAraceaePinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breitenb.P81JNPBanhaCormDecoction50.00
MeliaceaeMelia azedarach L.P68HNPMeolguseulnamuFruit, leaf, root barkDecoction, taffy26.32

AlgaGelidiaceaeGelidium amansii J. V. Lamour.AL1HNPUmutgasariThallusDecoction100.00
AnimalCobitidae Misgurnus mizolepis GüntherA35GNPMikkurajiWhole partRaw100.00
GadidaeTheragra chalcogramma PallasA66JNPMyeongtaeWhole partDecoction100.00
MantidaeTenodera angustipennis SaussureA64JNPSamagwiWhole partPowder50.00
Tenodera sinensis SaussureA65GNP, JNPWangsamagwiWhole partInfusion, powder50.00
OctopodidaeParoctopus dofleini WulkerA42JNPMuneoWhole partSimmer100.00
PleuroceridaeSemisulcospira coreana Von MartensA55JNPChamdaseulgiWhole partSimmer9.09
Semisulcospira forticosta Von MartensA56JNPJureumdaseulgiWhole partSimmer8.33
Semisulcospira libertina GouldA57JNPDaseulgiWhole partSimmer8.33
SergestidaeAcetes japonicus KishinouyeA1GNPJeotsaeuWhole partFermentation100.00
FungiGanodermataceaeGanoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst.F2GNPYeongjiWhole partInfusion66.67
PolyporaceaeFomes fomentarius (L.: Fr.) Fr.F1JNPMalgupbeoseotWhole partDecoction33.33
ThelephoraceaeSarcodon aspratus (Berk.) S. ItoF5JNPNeungiWhole partDecoction, seasoned cooked vegetables, soup100.00
AmaranthaceaeAmaranthus mangostanus L.P13JNPBireumLeafDried persimmon, infusion100.00
Anacardiaceae Rhus verniciflua StokesP107GNP, JNPOnnamuStemInfusion10.71
AraliaceaeAralia cordata var. continentalis (Kitag.) Y. C. ChuP14JNPDokhwalRootDecoction, tea10.00
Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem.P15JNPDureumnamuRootInfusion100.00
Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz.P60GNPEumnamuStemInfusion6.67
AristolochiaceaeAsarum sieboldii Miq.P18JNPJokdoripulRootInfusion, pill100.00
AspleniaceaePteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex Hell.P96JNPGosariRootDecoction, infusion100.00
AsteraceaeArtemisia capillaris Thunb.P16GNPSacheolssukLeaf, stemDecoction20.00
Artemisia princeps Pamp.P17GNP, JNPSsukLeaf, root, whole partJuice7.72
Atractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19GNP, JNPSapjuRootBrewing, decoction, infusion, panbroiled, pill, powder18.18
Helianthus annuus L.P52JNPHaebaragiFlowerDecoction100.00
Inula helenium L.P57JNPMokhyangRootDecoction100.00
BalsaminaceaeImpatiens balsamina L.P56GNP, JNPBongseonhwaFlower, root, whole partInfusion100.00
BetulaceaeBetula costata Trautv.P20GNPGeojesunamuSapRaw100.00
BignoniaceaeCatalpa ovata G. DonP26GNPGaeodongStemInfusion100.00
BoraginaceaeLithospermum erythrorhizon Siebold and Zucc.P63GNPJichiRootPanbroiled, steep88.89
CaprifoliaceaeLonicera japonica Thunb.P64JNPIndongdeonggulStemInfusion66.67
CyperaceaeCarex curta Gooden.P24JNPSansachoFruitDecoction100.00
DioscoreaceaeDioscorea batatas Decne.P39JNPMaRootDecoction3.33
EbenaceaeDiospyros kaki Thunb.P41GNP, JNPGamnamuFruit, peduncleDried persimmon, infusion, raw59.20
IndigestionEuphorbiaceaeRicinus communis L.P109GNP, JNPPimajaFruit, seedOil, panfried54.55
FabaceaeGlycine max (L.) Merr.P50JNPKongSeedFermentation, dissolution38.82
Pueraria lobata (Willd.) OhwiP97GNPChikRootClear soup with flour dumplings, juice, tea27.27
Rhynchosia volubilis Lour.P108JNPJwinunikongSeedDecoction100.00
Sophora flavescens Solander ex AitonP122JNPGosamRootDecoction, infusion, juice, maceration, panbroiled25.00
FagaceaeCastanea crenata Siebold and Zucc.P25GNP, JNPBamnamuBark, nutInfusion, tea100.00
LamiaceaeLeonurus japonicus Houtt.P61JNPIngmochoAerial partJuice1.61
Perilla frutescens var. acuta KudoP76JNPSoyeopLeafDecoction100.00
PlantLardizabalaceaeAkebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne.P8JNPEureumdeonggulStemInfusion14.29
LauraceaeMachilus thunbergii Siebold and Zucc.P66JNPHubangnamuBarkDecoction25.00
LiliaceaeAllium microdictyon Prokh.P10JNPSanmaneulRootDecoction50.00
Polygonatum odoratum var. pluriflorum (Miq.) OhwiP87JNPDunggulleRootTea20.00
LoranthaceaeViscum album var. coloratum (Kom.) Ohwi P133JNPGyeousariWhole partA sweet drink made from fermented rice100.00
MenispermaceaeCocculus trilobus (Thunb.) DC.P34GNPDaengdaengideonggulRootJuice9.76
MoraceaeCudrania tricuspidata (Carr.) Bureau ex LavalleeP37JNPKkujippongnamuRootDecoction100.00
Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca esculenta VanHoutteP80GNP, JNPJarigongRootA sweet drink made from fermented rice, infusion35.29
PoaceaeHordeum vulgare var. hexastichon (L.) Asch.P54GNP, HNP, JNPBoriMalt, seedA sweet drink made from fermented rice, brewing, decoction, dissolution, infusion, juice, maceration, steep, tea55.86
Oryza sativa L.P72GNPByeoStemInfusion57.14
Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.P119HNPJoSeedA sweet drink made from fermented rice100.00
Triticum aestivum L.P129GNPMilSeedBrewing, clear soup with flour dumplings, extraction38.46
RanunculaceaeAconitum ciliare DC.P2JNPNotjeotgarangnamulRootDecoction, infusion, pill85.71
Pulsatilla koreana (Yabe ex Nakai) Nakai ex NakaiP98JNPHalmikkotRootGrain syrup5.97
RosaceaeMalus sieboldii (Regel) RehderP67JNPAgeubaenamuFruitDecoction, infusion100.00
Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Maxim.P92GNP, JNPSalgunamuSeedMaceration, raw100.00
Prunus mume Siebold and Zucc.P94GNP, HNP, JNPMaesillamuFruitBrewing, dissolution, extraction49.25
Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) NakaiP100JNPDolbaenamuFruitBrewing100.00
Pyrus pyrifolia var. culta (Makino) NakaiP101GNPBaenamuFruitInfusion100.00
Rosa multiflora Thunb. var. multiflora P111JNPJjillekkotFruitDecoction12.50
Spiraea prunifolia f. simpliciflora NakaiP124GNPJopamnamuRoot, stemInfusion100.00
RutaceaeCitrus unshiu S. Marcov.P30JNPGyulPericarpDecoction25.00
Phellodendron amurense Rupr.P79GNPHwangbyeongnamuBark, endodermisInfusion, steep76.92
Poncirus trifoliata Raf.P88HNP, JNPTaengjanamuFruitDecoction, simmer66.67
Zanthoxylum piperitum (L.) DC.P137HNP, JNPChopinamuFruitDecoction, oil42.86
Zanthoxylum schinifolium Siebold and Zucc.P138GNP, JNPSanchonamuFruit, seedOil25.00
ScrophulariaceaePaulownia coreana UyekiP75GNPOdongnamuStemInfusion100.00
SolanaceaeSolanum nigrum L.P121GNP, JNPKkamajungAerial part, fruit, leaf, root, whole partDried, infusion, juice88.24
TheaceaeCamellia sinensis L.P22JNPChanamuLeafDecoction100.00
UlmaceaeCeltis sinensis Pers.P27HNPPaengnamuFruitDried, powder100.00
Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) NakaiP130GNPNeureumnamuBarkA sweet drink made from fermented rice, infusion8.64

Intestinal diseasePlantAsteraceaeCirsium japonicum var. spinossimum Kitam.P29HNPGasieonggeongkwiRootDecoction100.00
RosaceaeSorbus commixta Hedl.P123JNPMagamokFruitBrewing100.00

Stomach
cramp
AnimalPhasianidaeGallus gallus domesticus L.A25JNPDakWhole partSimmer1.30
PlantRanunculaceaePulsatilla koreana (Yabe ex Nakai) Nakai ex NakaiP98HNPHalmikkotLeafRubbing7.46

Stomach problemAnimalPhasianidaeGallus gallus domesticus L.A25JNPDakWhole partSimmer1.30
AsteraceaeAtractylodes ovata (Thunb.) DC.P19GNPSapjuRootPowder2.27
CelastraceaeEuonymus alatus (Thunb.) SieboldP43GNPHwasallamuLeaf, stemDecoction, seasoned cooked vegetables29.73
PoaceaeOryza sativa var. terrestis MakinoP73HNPSanduSeedPorridge7.69
PlantRosaceaePotentilla chinensis Ser.P91GNPTtakjikkotRootInfusion, raw50.00
Prunus mume Siebold and Zucc.P94GNPMaesillamuFruitExtraction3.73
UlmaceaeUlmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) NakaiP130GNPNeureumnamuBarkTea1.85

StomachicLiliaceae Allium microdictyon Prokh.P10JNPSanmaneulRootDecoction50.00

VomitingAnimalApidaeApis cerana FabriciusA7GNPJaeraekkulbeolHoneyDissolution, raw3.45
PlantVerbenaceaeVitex rotundifolia L.f.P134HNPSunbiginamuFruitDecoction100.00

*A: animal, P: plant, F: fungi, and AL: alga.
**Region: JNP: Jirisan National Park, GNP: Gayasan National Park, and HNP: Hallasan National Park.