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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 146383, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/146383
Review Article

The Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Endometriosis: A Review of Utilization and Mechanism

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China
3Center for Post-Doctoral Studies, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China
4Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, USA

Received 9 September 2013; Accepted 6 January 2014; Published 19 February 2014

Academic Editor: Xiaoke Wu

Copyright © 2014 Sai Kong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Endometriosis (EM) is one of the common gynecological conditions causing menstrual and pelvic pain and affects 10%–15% of women of reproductive age. In recent years, the complementary and alternative medical (CAM) treatment for EM has become popular due to the few adverse reactions reported. The CAM therapy for EM includes several different treatments such as herbs (herbal prescription, extract, and patent), acupuncture, microwave physiotherapy, and Chinese herb medicine enema (CHM enema). These CAM therapies are effective at relieving dysmenorrhoea, shrinking adnexal masses, and promoting pregnancy, with less unpleasant side effects when compared to hormonal and surgical treatments. In this review, we focus on the status quo of CAM on EM and try to identify therapeutic efficacy and mechanisms based on some clinical and experimental studies. We hope to provide some instructive suggestions for clinical treatment and experimental research in the future.