Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Spiritual Healing in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Exploratory Single Centre, Parallel-Group, Double-Blind, Three-Arm, Randomised, Sham-Controlled Trial

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the intention-to-treat population.

Active HealingSham HealingNo Healing

Age (years), mean (SD)3260.6 (10.7)3258.2 (12.6)3258.4 (13.9)
Current/previous use of biologics, number (%)325 (16%)326 (19%)327 (22%)
No use of DMARD*/corticosteroid326 (19%)326 (19%)325 (16%)

Disease duration >3 yrs, no. (%)3220 (63%)3220 (63%)3225 (78%)

Disease activity score (28 joints), mean (SD)323.55 (1.28)323.65 (0.94)323.78 (1.64)
Doppler ultrasound (colour fraction: 0-1)310.059 [0.040; 0.198]300.064 [0.029; 0.203]310.076 [0.025; 0.184]

Rheumatoid factor, IU3225 [8; 145]3227 [10; 227]3214 [8; 79]
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate3215 [11; 27]3216 [11; 23]3217 [11; 28]
Tender joint count (28 joints)323 [1; 8]324 [2; 8]322 [1; 10]
Swollen joint count (28 joints)323 [2; 7]324 [3; 6]323 [1; 10]
Patient visual analogue scale (mm)3232 [16; 51]3245 [19; 62]3238 [22; 57]
C-reactive protein concentration (mg/L)322.4 [1.4; 6.7]322.1 [1.0; 5.2]324.2 [0.9; 13.0]
Health Assessment Questionnaire score (0–3)290.40 [0.15; 0.84]320.62 [0.29; 0.95]310.58 [0.16; 0.90]
Physician visual analogue scale (mm)2816 [7; 20]2715 [7; 23]2914 [7; 23]

Values are number of observations (), medians, and interquartile ranges [; ] unless stated otherwise. Disease modifying antirheumatic drugs.

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