Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 465471, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/465471
Research Article

Interobserver Reliability of Four Diagnostic Methods Using Traditional Korean Medicine for Stroke Patients

1Medical Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 1672 Yuseongdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-811, Republic of Korea
2Norwegian School of Health Sciences, Institute of Acupuncture, Kristiania University College, Prinsensgate 7-9, 0152 Oslo, Norway
3Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, National Research Center in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NAFKAM), Tromsø, Norway

Received 12 August 2014; Accepted 9 September 2014; Published 9 December 2014

Academic Editor: Keji Chen

Copyright © 2014 Ju Ah Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. WHO, WHO International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine in the Western Pacific Region, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2007.
  2. H. Z. Wu, Z. Q. Fang, and P. J. Cheng, Introduction to Diagnosis in Traditional Chinese Medicine, World Century Publishing Corparation, Singapore, 2013.
  3. L. Hammer, “Contemporary pulse diagnosis: introduction to an evolving method for learning an ancient art—part I,” American Journal of Acupuncture, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 123–140, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. J. Grant, R. N. Schnyer, D. H.-T. Chang, P. Fahey, and A. Bensoussan, “Interrater reliability of Chinese medicine diagnosis in people with prediabetes,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 710892, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B.-K. Kang, T.-Y. Park, J. A. Lee et al., “Reliability and validity of the Korean standard pattern identification for stroke (K-SPI-Stroke) questionnaire,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 12, article 55, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B.-K. Kang, T.-W. Moon, J. A. Lee, T.-Y. Park, M. M. Ko, and M. S. Lee, “The fundamental study for the standardisation and objectification of pattern identification in traditional Korean medicine for stroke (SOPI-Stroke): development and interobserver agreement of the Korean standard pattern identification for stroke (K-SPI-Stroke) tool,” European Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. e133–e139, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. M. Ko, J. A. Lee, B.-K. Kang, T.-Y. Park, and M. S. Lee, “Interobserver reliability of tongue diagnosis using traditional Korean medicine for stroke patients,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 209345, 6 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. M. Ko, T. Y. Park, J. A. Lee, T. Y. Choi, B. K. Kang, and M. S. Lee, “Interobserver reliability of pulse diagnosis using traditional korean medicine for stroke patients,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 29–34, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. M. Ko, T.-Y. Park, J. A. Lee, B.-K. Kang, and M. S. Lee, “A study of tongue and pulse diagnosis in traditional Korean medicine for stroke patients based on quantification theory type II,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 508918, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. A. Lee, T.-Y. Park, T.-W. Moon et al., “Developing indicators of pattern identification in patients with stroke using traditional Korean medicine,” BMC Research Notes, vol. 5, article 136, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T.-Y. Park, J. A. Lee, M. H. Cha et al., “The fundamental study for the standardization and objectification of pattern identification in Traditional Korean Medicine for Stroke (SOPI-Stroke): an overview of phase I,” European Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. e125–e131, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Gwet, “Computing inter-rater reliability with the SAS system,” Stat Methods Inter-rater Reliability Assess, vol. 3, pp. 1–16, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  13. F. Jelles, C. A. M. Van Bennekom, G. J. Lankhorst, C. J. P. Sibbel, and L. M. Bouter, “Inter- and intra-rater agreement of the Rehabilitation Activities Profile,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 407–416, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. V. Cicchetti and A. R. Feinstein, “High agreement but low kappa: II. Resolving the paradoxes,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 551–558, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. R. Feinstein and D. V. Cicchetti, “High agreement but low kappa: I. the problems of two paradoxes,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 543–549, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Mist, C. Ritenbaugh, and M. Aickin, “Effects of questionnaire-based diagnosis and training on inter-rater reliability among practitioners of traditional chinese medicine,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 703–709, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. G. Zhang, B. Singh, W. Lee, B. Handwerger, L. Lao, and B. Berman, “Improvement of agreement in TCM diagnosis among TCM practitioners for persons with the conventional diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis: effect of training,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 381–386, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. Lin, J. Zhang, J. Zhao, G. Li, B.-J. Zhang, and Y. Tong, “Rapid diagnosis of TCM syndrome based on spectrometry,” Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 677–680, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. D. Mist, C. L. Wright, K. D. Jones, and J. W. Carson, “Traditional Chinese medicine diagnoses in a sample of women with fibromyalgia,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 266–269, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. Tang, M. Lam, W. Leung, W. Sun, T. Chan, and G. S. Ungvari, “Traditional Chinese Medicine diagnoses in persons with ketamine abuse,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 164–169, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. Hua, E. Abbas, A. Hayes, P. Ryan, L. Nelson, and K. O'Brien, “Reliability of chinese medicine diagnostic variables in the examination of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 1028–1037, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. A. O'Brien, E. Abbas, J. Zhang et al., “Understanding the reliability of diagnostic variables in a chinese medicine examination,” The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 727–734, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. A. O'Brien and S. Birch, “A review of the reliability of traditional East Asian medicine diagnoses,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 353–366, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Yan, X. Shen, Y. Wang et al., “Objective research of auscultation signals in Traditional Chinese Medicine based on wavelet packet energy and Support Vector Machine,” International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 435–448, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Q. Zhang, “Tongue temperature of healthy persons and patients with yin deficiency by using thermal video,” Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 732–709, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. R. Landis and G. G. Koch, “The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data,” Biometrics, vol. 33, pp. 159–174, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  27. K. Gwet, Handbook of Inter-Rater Reliability, STATAXIS Publishing, Gaithersburg, Md, USA, 2001.