Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 635371, 21 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/635371
Research Article

Application of Ethnobotanical Indices on the Use of Traditional Medicines against Common Diseases

1Department of Botany, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan
2Riyadh Community College, King Saud University, Riyadh 11437, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Chemistry, Biomedical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Helwan University, P.O. Box 11792, Helwan, Egypt
4Department of Chemistry, Government College Ara Khel, FR Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 26000, Pakistan

Received 22 February 2014; Accepted 24 April 2014; Published 20 May 2014

Academic Editor: Rainer W. Bussmann

Copyright © 2014 Imran Khan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. V. Feo, “Medicinal and magical plants in the northern Peruvian Andes,” Fitoterapia, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 417–440, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Breevort, “The booming U.S. botanical market: a new overview,” Herbal Gram, vol. 44, pp. 33–46, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  3. C. W. Wright, “Plant derived antimalarial agents: new leads and challenges,” Phytochemistry Reviews, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 55–61, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Hamayun, S. A. Khan, H. Y. Kim, and I. J. Leechae, “Traditional knowledge and ex-situ conservation of some threatened medicinal plants of Swat Kohistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 38, pp. 205–209, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Hamayun, “Structural diversity, vegetation dynamics and anthropogenic impaction Lesser Himalayan subtropical Forests of Bagh District, Kashmir,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 43, pp. 1861–1866, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Mohammad, Pakistan-Afghanistan: The Conjoined Twins, Department of Embassy of Pakistan, Kabul, Afghanistan, 2010.
  7. R. R. Barnett and S. Abubakar, Resolving Pakistan-Afghanistan Stalemate, United States Institute of Peace, Washington, DC, USA, 2006.
  8. M. Adnan, I. Ullah, A. Tariq et al., “Ethnomedicine use in the war affected region of northwest Pakistan,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 10, article 16, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  9. N. Akhtar, A. Rashid, B. Murad, and E. Bergmeier, “Diversity and use of ethnomedicinal plants in the region of Swat, North Pakistan,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 9, article 25, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Mussarat, N. M. AbdElsalam, A. Tariq, S. M. Wazir, R. Ullah, and M. Adnan, “Use of ethnomedicinal plants by the people living around Indus River,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 212634, 14 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. I. H. Hassan, W. Murad, A. Tariq, and A. Ahmad, “Ethnoveterinary study of medicinal plants in Malakand Valley, District Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan,” Irish Veterinary Journal, vol. 67, no. 1, article 6, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. S. Begum, N. M. AbdElsalam, M. Adnan, A. Tariq, A. Yasmin, and R. Hameed, “Ethnomedicines of highly utilized plants in temperate Himalaya region,” African Journal of Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 132–142, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  13. I. Khan, Ethnobotanical and ecological study of Hangu district, Pakistan [M.S. thesis], Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, Pakistan, 2013.
  14. G. Mustafa, “Education policy analysis report of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,” Tech. Rep., UNESCO, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  15. G. J. Martin, Ethnobotany: A Method Manual, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1995.
  16. C. M. Cotton, Ethnobotany: Principles and Applications, John Willey & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1996.
  17. M. Giday, T. Teklehaymanot, A. Animut, and Y. Mekonnen, “Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 516–525, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. T. Trotter and M. H. Logan, “Informants consensus: a new approach for identifying potentially effective medicinal plants,” in Plants in Indigenous Medicine and Diet, N. L. Etkin, Ed., pp. 91–112, Redgrave, Bedford Hill, NY, USA, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Heinrich, A. Ankli, B. Frei, C. Weimann, and O. Sticher, “Medicinal plants in Mexico: healers' consensus and cultural importance,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 1859–1871, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Canales, T. Hernandez, J. Caballero et al., “Informant consensus factor and antibacterial activity of the medicinal plants used by the people of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla, México,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 429–439, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Giday, Z. Asfaw, Z. Woldu, and T. Teklehaymanot, “Medicinal plant knowledge of the Bench ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical investigation,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 5, article 34, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Friedman, Z. Yaniv, A. Dafni, and D. Palewitch, “A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmacological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev Desert, Israel,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 16, no. 2-3, pp. 275–287, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. G. A. Singh, A. Kumar, and D. D. Tewari, “An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Terai forest of western Nepal,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 8, article 19, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. R. S. Tabuti, K. A. Lye, and S. S. Dhillion, “Traditional herbal drugs of Bulamogi, Uganda: plants, use and administration,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 19–44, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. K. Uniyal, K. N. Singh, P. Jamwal, and B. Lal, “Traditional use of medicinal plants among the tribal communities of Chhota Bhangal, Western Himalaya,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 2, article 14, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. R. S. Gazzaneo, R. F. P. Lucena, and U. P. Albuquerque, “Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by local specialists in an region of Atlantic Forest in the state of Pernambuco (Northeastern Brazil),” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 1, article 9, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Adnan, S. Begum, A. Latif, A. M. Tareen, and L. J. Lee, “Medicinal plants and their uses in selected temperate zones of Pakistani Hindukush-Himalaya,” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 6, pp. 4113–4127, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  28. W. Murad, A. Ahmad, S. A. Gilani, and M. A. Khan, “Indigenous knowledge and folk use of medicinal plants by the tribal communities of Hazar Nao Forest, Malakand District, North Pakistan,” Journal of Medicinal Plant Research, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 1072–1086, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. Tolossa, E. Debela, S. Athanasiadou, A. Tolera, and G. Ganga, “Ethno-medicinal study of plants used for treatment of human and livestock ailments by traditional healers in South Omo, Southern Ethiopia,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 9, article 32, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  30. A. Azizullah, M. N. K. Khattak, P. Richter, and D.-P. Häder, “Water pollution in Pakistan and its impact on public health—a review,” Environment International, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 479–497, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Alamgeer, T. Ahmad, M. Rashid et al., “Ethnomedicinal Survey of plants of Valley Alladand Dehri, Tehsil Batkhela, District Malakand, Pakistan,” International Journal of Basic Medical Sciences and Pharmacy, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 23–32, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  32. S. K. Bhattacharya, D. Bhattacharya, K. Sairam, and S. Ghosal, “Effect of Withania somnifera glycowithanolides on a rat model of tardive dyskinesia,” Phytomedicine, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 167–170, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Rauf, M. R. Jan, W. U. Rehman, and N. Muhammad, “Phytochemical, phytotoxic and antioxidant profile of Caralluma tuberculata N. E. Brown,” Wudpecker Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 21–25, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  34. T. H. Bekalo, S. D. Woodmatas, and Z. A. Woldemariam, “An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, Ethiopia,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 5, article 26, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. E. Lulekal, Z. Asfaw, E. Kelbessa, and V. P. Damme, “Ethnomedicinal study of plants used for human ailments in Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 9, article 63, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. C. P. Kala, “Ethnomedicinal botany of the Apatani in the Eastern Himalayan region of India,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 1, article 11, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. J. A. Bhat, M. Kumar, and R. W. Bussmann, “Ecological status and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary of Garhwal Himalaya India,” Journal of Ethnobiology Ethnomedicine, vol. 9, article 1, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  38. F. Deeba, Documentation of ethnoveterinary practices in urban and peri-urban areas of Faisalabad, Pakistan [Ph.D. thesis], University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, 2009.
  39. S. Zonyane, S. F. van Vuuren, and N. P. Makunga, “Pharmacological and phyto-chemical analysis of a medicinal plant mixture that is used as traditional medicine in Western Cape,” in Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the South African Association of Botanist, p. 124, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, January 2012.
  40. S. Ignacimuthu, M. Ayyanar, and K. Sivaraman, “Ethnobotanical investigations among Tribes in Madurai District of Tamil Nadu (India),” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 2, article 25, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. W. Bussmann and D. Sharon, “Traditional medicinal plant use in Loja Province, Southern Ecuador,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 2, article 44, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. Jabbar, M. A. Raza, Z. Iqbal, and M. N. Khan, “An inventory of the ethnobotanicals used as anthelmintics in the southern Punjab (Pakistan),” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 152–154, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. Z. Sher, D. Z. Khan, and F. Hussain, “Ethnobotanical studies of some plants of Chagharzai Valley, District Buner, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 1445–1452, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. H. Yineger, E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, and E. Lulekal, “Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants at Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 55–70, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. T. Gedif and H. Hahn, “The use of medicinal plants in self-care in rural central Ethiopia,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 87, no. 2-3, pp. 155–161, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. J. W. Bastien, “Exchange between Andean and Western medicine,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 795–803, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus