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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 902734, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/902734
Review Article

Ficus deltoidea Jack: A Review on Its Phytochemical and Pharmacological Importance

1Institute of Systems Biology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2Biotechnology Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 12301, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 19 December 2013; Accepted 9 February 2014; Published 18 March 2014

Academic Editor: Mohd Roslan Sulaiman

Copyright © 2014 Hamidun Bunawan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Ficus deltoidea Jack (Moraceae) has had a long history of use in traditional medicine among the Malays to alleviate and heal ailments such as sores, wounds, and rheumatism and as an after-birth tonic and an antidiabetic drug. Modern pharmacological studies demonstrated that this plant has a wide variety of beneficial attributes for human health. Despite its importance, a review of this species has not been published in the scientific literature to date. Here, we review and summarize the historic and current literature concerning the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological effects, and toxicity of this wonder plant. This summary could be beneficial for future research aiming to exploit the therapeutic potential of this useful, medicinal species.