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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 192680, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/192680
Research Article

Effects of Moderate Exercise on Relieving Mental Load of Elementary School Teachers

1Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung 41349, Taiwan
2Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Science, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
3Department of Biomedical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 84001, Taiwan
4Department of Cardiology, Lin-Shin Hospital, Taichung 40867, Taiwan
5Department of Photonics and Communication Engineering, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
6Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan

Received 24 November 2014; Accepted 9 February 2015

Academic Editor: Avni Sali

Copyright © 2015 Shing-Hong Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Long-term endurance exercise could increase activity of parasympathetic nervous and decrease activity of sympathetic nervous at rest. However, previous studies all focused on the effect of endurance training on heart rate variability (HRV) for athletes or sedentary subjects. In Taiwan, elementary school teachers teaching and processing the children’s and administrative problems always stand and walk. They will sit down only when they review and correct the students’ home work. Thus, the goal of this study was to elucidate the beneficial effect of moderate intensity exercise on relieving mental load of elementary school teachers. There were 20 participants in the exercise group and another 20 participants in the nonexercise group. The exercising teachers performed 12 weeks of moderate intensity exercise training for an average of 30 minutes per day, 3 times per week. HRV was measured before and after the 4th, 6th, and 12th weeks. The time and frequency domain parameters of HRV all had significant increases between the beginning and after 12 weeks of training. However, the time and frequency domain parameters of HRV in the nonexercise group had significant decreases between the beginning and after 12 weeks of training. The long-term moderate exercises can relieve mental load of elementary school teachers. Moreover, age was the considerable factor affecting HRV in this study.