Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 279247, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/279247
Research Article

Chemical Composition and Vasorelaxant and Antispasmodic Effects of Essential Oil from Rosa indica L. Petals

1Department of Pharmacy, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan
2Biotechnology Program, Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan
3Institute of Chemical Sciences, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25120, Pakistan

Received 26 May 2015; Revised 30 July 2015; Accepted 10 August 2015

Academic Editor: Michał Tomczyk

Copyright © 2015 Hafiz Majid Rasheed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. L. Crepet, K. C. Nixon, and M. A. Gandolfo, “Fossil evidence and phylogeny: the age of major angiosperm clades based on mesofossil and macrofossil evidence from cretaceous deposits,” American Journal of Botany, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 1666–1682, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. Judd, C. Campbell, E. Kellogg, P. Stevens, and M. Donoghue, Plant Systematics. A Phylogenetic Approach, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass, USA, 1999.
  3. A. Farooq, M. A. Khan, A. Ali, and A. Riaz, “Diversity of morphology and oil content of Rosa damascena landraces and related Rosa species from pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 177–183, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. R. Hunt, “The rose in pharmacy,” The Pharmaceutical Journal, vol. 189, pp. 589–591, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  5. V. Singh, V. K. Kaul, B. Singh, and R. P. Sood, “Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.): cultivation and processing,” in Supplement to Cultivation & Utilization of Aromatic Plants, S. S. Handa and M. K. Kaul, Eds., p. 195, RRL, Jammu Tawi, India, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  6. H. Sadraei, G. Asghari, and S. Emami, “Inhibitory effect of Rosa damascena Mill flower essential oil, geraniol and citronellol on rat ileum contraction,” Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 17–23, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Basim and H. Basim, “Antibacterial activity of Rosa damascena essential oil,” Fitoterapia, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 394–396, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. S. Karthy, P. Ranjitha, and A. Mohankumar, “Antimicrobial potential of plant seed extracts against multidrug resistant methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MDR-MRSA),” International Journal of Biology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 34–40, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. H. Boskabady, M. N. Shafei, Z. Saberi, and S. Amini, “Pharmacological effects of Rosa damascena,” Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 295–307, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Bai, L. Seasotiya, A. Malik, P. Bharti, and S. Dalal, “Bioactive compounds and pharmacological potential of Rosa indica L. and Psidium guajava L. methanol extracts as antiurease and anticollagenase agents,” Der Pharmacia Lettre, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 179–184, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. S. Verma, R. C. Padalia, A. Chauhan, A. Singh, and A. K. Yadav, “Volatile constituents of essential oil and rose water of damask rose (Rosa damascena mill.) cultivars from north indian hills,” Natural Product Research, vol. 25, no. 17, pp. 1577–1584, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. G. Lima, L. A. C. Tietbohl, C. P. Fernandes et al., “Chemical composition of essential oils and anticholinesterasic activity of Eugenia sulcata spring ex mart,” Latin American Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 152–155, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. J. Shah and A. H. Gilani, “Blood pressure-lowering and vascular modulator effects of Acorus calamus extract are mediated through multiple pathways,” Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 38–46, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. J. Shah, N. N. Bhulani, S. H. Khan, N. U. Rehman, and A. H. Gilani, “Calcium channel blocking activity of Mentha longifolia L. explains its medicinal use in diarrhoea and gut spasm,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1392–1397, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. J. Shah, M. A. Zaidi, H. Sajjad, Hamidullah, and A.-H. Gilani, “Antidiarrheal and antispasmodic activities of Vincetoxicum stocksii are mediated through calcium channel blockade,” Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 46–50, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. W. Schweisheimer, “Roses in manufacture of perfumes,” Perfums Cosmetics and Savons, vol. 4, pp. 62–65, 1961. View at Google Scholar
  17. R. S. Verma, R. C. Padalia, and A. Chauhan, “Chemical investigation of the volatile components of shade-dried petals of damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.),” Archives of Biological Sciences, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 1111–1115, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. H.-J. Kim, K. Kim, N.-S. Kim, and D.-S. Lee, “Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry,” Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 902, no. 2, pp. 389–404, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. C. Bigliani, V. Rossetti, E. Grondona et al., “Chemical compositions and properties of Schinus areira L. essential oil on airway inflammation and cardiovascular system of mice and rabbits,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 2282–2288, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K.-L. Wong, P. Chan, H.-Y. Yang et al., “Isosteviol acts on potassium channels to relax isolated aortic strips of Wistar rat,” Life Sciences, vol. 74, no. 19, pp. 2379–2387, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. M. Katz, “Molecular biology of calcium channels in the cardiovascular system,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 80, no. 9, pp. 17I–22I, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. Fleckenstein-Grun, “Calcium antagonism in vascular smooth muscle cells,” Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology, vol. 432, supplement, no. 3, pp. R53–R60, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Spedding and R. Paoletti, “Classification of calcium channels and the sites of action of drugs modifying channel function,” Pharmacological Reviews, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 363–376, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. J. Triggle, “The physiological and pharmacological significance of cardiovascular t-type, voltage-gated calcium channels,” American Journal of Hypertension, vol. 11, no. 4, part 3, pp. 80S–87S, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. T. Godfraind, R. Miller, and M. Wibo, “Calcium antagonism and calcium entry blockade,” Pharmacological Reviews, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 321–416, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. L. Brunton, “Agents affecting gastrointestinal water flux and motility; emesis and antiemetics; bile acids and pancreatic enzymes,” in Goodman and Gillman's the Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, J. G. Hardman, L. E. Limbird, and P. B. Molinoff, Eds., McGraw Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  27. R. I. Ogilvie, E. D. Burgess, J. R. Cusson, R. D. Feldman, L. A. Leiter, and M. G. Myers, “Report of the Canadian hypertension society consensus conference: 3. Pharmacologic treatment of essential hypertension,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 149, no. 5, pp. 575–584, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. U. H. Gilani, A. J. Shah, M. Ahmad, and F. Shaheen, “Antispasmodic effect of Acorus calamus Linn. is mediated through calcium channel blockade,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1080–1084, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. Karaki and G. B. Weiss, “Calcium release in smooth muscle,” Life Sciences, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 111–122, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. F. Brading, “How do drugs initiate contraction in smooth muscles?” Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 261–265, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus