Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 343201, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/343201
Research Article

Actigraph Evaluation of Acupuncture for Treating Restless Legs Syndrome

1Department of Neurology, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, 528, Zhangheng Road, Pu-Dong New Area, Shanghai 201203, China
2Department of Neurology, Pudong New Area Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 460, Xiuchuan Road, Pu-Dong New Area, Shanghai 201200, China
3Center for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
4Educational Physiology Laboratory, Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

Received 9 October 2014; Accepted 26 November 2014

Academic Editor: Gerhard Litscher

Copyright © 2015 Weidong Pan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Ferri, M. Manconi, D. Aricò et al., “Acute dopamine-agonist treatment in restless legs syndrome: effects on sleep architecture and NREM sleep instability,” Sleep, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 793–800, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Manconi, R. Ferri, M. Zucconi et al., “First night efficacy of pramipexole in restless legs syndrome and periodic leg movements,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 491–497, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Saletu, G. Gruber, M. Saletu et al., “Sleep laboratory studies in restless legs syndrome patients as compared with normals and acute effects of ropinirole. 1. Findings on objective and subjective sleep and awakening quality,” Neuropsychobiology, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 181–189, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. Trenkwalder, H. Beneš, W. Poewe et al., “Efficacy of rotigotine for treatment of moderate-to-severe restless legs syndrome: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 595–604, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Trenkwalder, W. A. Hening, P. Montagna et al., “Treatment of restless legs syndrome: an evidence-based review and implications for clinical practice,” Movement Disorders, vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 2267–2302, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. Pan, K. Ohashi, Y. Yamamoto, and S. Kwak, “Power-law temporal autocorrelation of activity reflects severity of parkinsonism,” Movement Disorders, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1308–1313, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. Pan, S. Kwak, G. Li, Y. Chen, and D. Cai, “Therapeutic effect of Yang-Xue-Qing-Nao granules on sleep dysfunction in Parkinson's disease,” Chinese Medicine (United Kingdom), vol. 8, no. 1, article 14, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. W. Pan and H. Zhou, “Inclusion of integrative medicine in clinical practice,” Integrative Medicine International, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. L. Chen, M. Houghton, L. Seefeld, C. Malarick, and J. Mao, “A survey of selected physician views on acupuncture in pain management,” Pain Medicine, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 530–534, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Gao, M. Zhang, H. Gong et al., “Differential activation patterns of FMRI in sleep-deprived brain: restoring effects of acupuncture,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 465760, 7 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. Y.-F. Chen, J.-H. Liu, N.-G. Xu et al., “Effects of acupuncture treatment on depression insomnia: a study protocol of a multicenter randomized controlled trial,” Trials, vol. 14, article 2, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Macpherson, B. Elliot, A. Hopton, H. Lansdown, and S. Richmond, “Acupuncture for depression: patterns of diagnosis and treatment within a randomised controlled trial,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 286048, 9 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. MacPherson, S. Richmond, M. Bland et al., “Acupuncture and counselling for depression in primary care: a randomised controlled trial,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 10, no. 9, Article ID e1001518, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. P. Sniezek and I. J. Siddiqui, “Acupuncture for treating anxiety and depression in women: a clinical systematic review,” Medical Acupuncture, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 164–172, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. Litscher, “Innovative integrative medicine,” Integrative Medicine International, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 65–66, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. R. P. Allen, D. Picchietti, W. A. Hening et al., “Restless legs syndrome: diagnostic criteria, special considerations, and epidemiology. A report from the restless legs syndrome diagnosis and epidemiology workshop at the National Institutes of Health,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 101–119, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. S. Walters, C. LeBrocq, A. Dhar et al., “Validation of the international restless legs syndrome study group rating scale for restless Legs syndrome,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 121–132, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. W. Johns, “A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: the Epworth sleepiness scale,” Sleep, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 540–545, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. W.-X. Pan, R. Schmidt, J. R. Wickens, and B. I. Hyland, “Tripartite mechanism of extinction suggested by dopamine neuron activity and temporal difference model,” The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 28, no. 39, pp. 9619–9631, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Wu, S. Qu, J. Zhang et al., “Correlation between the effects of acupuncture at Taichong (LR3) and functional brain areas: a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study using true versus sham acupuncture,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 729091, 7 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. W. Pan, S. Kwak, Y. Liu et al., “Traditional chinese medicine improves activities of daily living in parkinson's disease,” Parkinson's Disease, vol. 2011, Article ID 789506, 7 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. W. Pan, Y. Liu, Z. Fang et al., “A compound belonging to traditional Chinese medicine improves nocturnal activity in Parkinson's disease,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 307–308, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Carrier, S. Frenette, J. Montplaisir, J. Paquet, C. Drapeau, and J. Morettini, “Effects of periodic leg movements during sleep in middle-aged subjects without sleep complaints,” Movement Disorders, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1127–1132, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. E. W. S. So and E. H. Y. Ng, “Acupuncture in reproductive medicine,” Women's Health, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 551–563, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. Shen, M. Li, R. Wei, and M. Lou, “Effect of acupuncture therapy for postponing wallerian degeneration of cerebral infarction as shown by diffusion tensor imaging,” The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1154–1160, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Yeo, Y.-G. Choi, Y.-M. Hong, and S. Lim, “Neuroprotective changes of thalamic degeneration-related gene expression by acupuncture in an MPTP mouse model of parkinsonism: microarray analysis,” Gene, vol. 515, no. 2, pp. 329–338, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Montplaisir, S. Boucher, G. Poirier, G. Lavigne, O. Lapierre, and P. Lespérance, “Clinical, polysomnographic, and genetic characteristics of restless legs syndrome: a study of 133 patients diagnosed with new standard criteria,” Movement Disorders, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 61–65, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. Zhao, J. Chen, C. Z. Liu et al., “A review of acupoint specificity research in China: status quo and prospects,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 543943, 16 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. Huang, W. Zhang, S. Jia et al., “A transcontinental pilot study for acupuncture lifting-thrusting and twisting-rotating manipulations,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 157989, 5 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Z.-L. Guo, M. Li, and J. C. Longhurst, “Nucleus ambiguus cholinergic neurons activated by acupuncture: relation to enkephalin,” Brain Research, vol. 1442, pp. 25–35, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. Zhou, A. Mahajan, and J. C. Longhurst, “Spinal nociceptin mediates electroacupuncture-related modulation of visceral sympathoexcitatory reflex responses in rats,” The American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology, vol. 297, no. 2, pp. H859–H865, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J.-G. Lin and W.-L. Chen, “Acupuncture analgesia: a review of its mechanisms of actions,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 635–645, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. C. Morgan and K. D. Sethi, “Efficacy and safety of pramipexole in restless legs syndrome,” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 273–274, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  34. Y. Inoue, K. Kuroda, K. Hirata, N. Uchimura, T. Kagimura, and T. Shimizu, “Efficacy, safety and dose-response of pramipexole in Japanese patients with primary restless legs syndrome: randomized trial,” Neuropsychobiology, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 35–42, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J.-F. Ma, Q. Wan, X.-Y. Hu et al., “Efficacy and safety of pramipexole in Chinese patients with restless legs syndrome: results from a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 58–63, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus