Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

A Yoga Intervention for Posttraumatic Stress: A Preliminary Randomized Control Trial

Table 3

Means and standard deviations for study outcomes by treatment group before treatment, at midtreatment, and after treatment.

Waitlist control groupYoga group
Measure Before treatment Midtreatment  After treatment  Before treatment Midtreatment After treatment
MSDMSDMSDMSDMSDMSD

PCL-1755.111.952.511.655.413.559.59.348.514.341.812.0
ISI16.17.916.55.616.45.814.48.111.48.010.66.7
PANAS (+ve)26.97.924.57.023.86.126.37.528.66.830.57.9
PANAS (−ve)24.79.325.79.221.97.724.29.422.49.019.07.7
PSS24.87.221.86.621.64.824.97.615.412.012.411.4
DASS 21 (depression)10.35.88.55.87.25.18.14.77.64.86.04.3
DASS 21 (anxiety)9.65.49.35.57.85.59.45.27.15.05.74.3
DASS 21 (stress)12.95.712.45.311.04.413.24.810.55.38.84.5
FFMQ (observing)25.45.5 24.6 7.0 24.6 6.526.5 6.128.9 9.7271 6.0
FFMQ (describing)24.73.3 23.6 4.7 24.0 4.5 24.7 2.8 25.2 3.8 25.1 2.6
FFMQ (acting with awareness)28.48.0 28.57.9 26.6 7.6 26.0 4.5 23.8 5.4 22.3 6.5
FFMQ (being nonjudgemental)28.77.9 26.3 8.5 25.6 8.7 25.6 7.1 21.1 8.6 21.7 8.5
FFMQ (nonreactive focus)18.95.9 20.05.7 20.33.3 18.24.9 20.15.0 21.1 4.9
RS110.725.8114.320.3111.123.9112.424.1122.523.3124.723.2

Note. PCL = PTSD Checklist; ISI = Insomnia Severity Index; PANAS = Positive and Negative Affect Schedule; PSS = Perceived Stress Scale; DASS 21 = Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale; FFMQ = 5-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire; RS = Resilience Scale.

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