Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Type of Multimorbidity and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use among Adults

Table 2

Number and weighted percent of any CAM use, CAM use in the past 12 months, and type of CAM by type of multimorbidity, National Health Interview Survey, 2012.
(a) Number and weighted percent of ever used CAM ( = 13,246)

Ever used CAM Never used CAMSig.
Wt. %Wt. %

All 6,212 48.2 7,034 51.8
Multimorbidity ***
 PI & MI2,43957.11,93142.9
 PI only3,77344.15,10355.9

(b) Number and weighted percent of CAM uses in the past 12 months ( = 13,246)

CAM use in the past 12 months No CAM use in the past 12 months Never used CAMSig.
Wt. %Wt. %Wt. %

All 3,037 23.6 3,175 24.6 7,034 51.8
Multimorbidity ***
 PI & MI1,30131.21,13825.91,93142.9
 PI only1,73620.12,03724.05,10355.9

(c) Number and weighted percent of alternative medical systems use in the past 12-month ( = 13,215)

Alternative medical systems use in the past 12 months No alternative medical systems use in the past 12 months Never used alternative medical systemsNever used CAMSig.
Wt. %Wt. %Wt. %Wt. %

All 608 4.51,1178.04,43635.57,03451.9
Multimorbidity***
 PI & MI2836.448211.01,66239.61,93143.0
 PI only3253.66286.52,80133.95,10356.0

(d) Number and weighted percent of manipulative and body-based therapies use in the past 12-month ( = 13,223)

Manipulative and body-based therapies in the past 12 months No manipulative and body-based therapies in the past 12 months Never used manipulative and body-based therapiesNever used CAM Sig.
Wt. %Wt. %Wt. %Wt. %

All2,29518.13,04423.78596.47,03451.8
Multimorbidity***
 PI & MI99324.11,10925.43277.51,93143.0
 PI only1,30215.31,93423.05225.75,10356.0

(e) Number and weighted percent of mind-body therapies use in the past 12-month ( = 13,212)

Used mind-body therapies in the past 12 months No mind-body therapies use in the past 12 months Never used mind-body therapiesNever used CAMSig.
Wt. %Wt. %Wt. %Wt. %

All1,0338.01,0037.64,14232.57,03451.9
Multimorbidity***
 PI & MI50012.146310.41,46434.51,93143.0
 PI only5336.15406.32,67831.65,10356.0

Note. Based on 13,246 adults, age over 21 years, having at least two or more chronic physical illnesses or one or more chronic physical illnesses with mental illness. Chronic physical illnesses consisted of diabetes, heart disease, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, arthritis, cancer, respiratory disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)), and asthma. Mental illnesses consisted of depression, bipolar disorder, or other mental health disorders. Number across complementary and alternative medicine groups may not add to 12,246 due to missing data in type of complementary alternative medicine. Asterisks represent significant group differences by complementary and alternative medicine use based on chi-square tests.
Wt.: weighted; CAM: complementary and alternative medicine; PI & MI: chronic physical and mental illnesses; PI: chronic physical illnesses.
*** < .001; **.001 ≤ < .01; *.01 ≤ < .05.