Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 391065, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/391065
Research Article

Hypolipidemic Activity and Antiatherosclerotic Effect of Polysaccharide of Polygonatum sibiricum in Rabbit Model and Related Cellular Mechanisms

1School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Guiyang Medical College, Guiyang, Guizhou 550004, China
3Department of Cardiology, Fuzhou City First People’s Hospital, Fuzhou, Jiangxi 344000, China
4Department of Urology, Ningbo Zhenhai People's Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315202, China
5Chongqing Institute for Food and Drug Control, Chongqing Engineering Center for Pharmaceutical Process and Quality Control, China

Received 28 June 2014; Revised 11 August 2014; Accepted 19 August 2014

Academic Editor: Qunhao Zhang

Copyright © 2015 Jun-xuan Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the hypolipidemic activity and antiatherosclerotic effect of polysaccharide of Polygonatum sibiricum (PPGS), which is a kind of Chinese herbal medicine using the rhizome part of the whole herb. Materials and Methods. Thirty rabbits were divided into normal control group, model control group, and PPGS subgroups of 0.8, 1.6, and 3.2 mL/kg/day under random selection. In atherosclerosis model, the effects of PPGS on diverse blood lipids, foam cells number, and aortic morphology were evaluated. In the primary culture of endothelial cells (ECs), the activities of PPGS on both ECs proliferation and ECs injury were studied as well. Results. In atherosclerosis model, the hypolipidemic activities of PPGS were mainly focused on TC, LDL-C, and Lp(a). All changes on these factors were statistically significant compared with model group (P < 0.01), except TG and HDL-C. The intimal foam cell number of PPGS subgroups (0.8, 1.6, and 3.2 mL/kg/day) was significantly reduced than model control (P < 0.01). In the primary culture of endothelial cells (ECs), PPGS showed no effect on cell proliferation but preferred to protect EC from injury and apoptosis induced by H2O2 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Discussion and Conclusion. The antiatherosclerotic effect of PPGS may be supported by its hypolipidemic activities, improving aortic morphology, and reducing foam cells number and ECs injury.