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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 398156, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/398156
Review Article

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Yoga as Remedial Therapy

1Vivekananda Yoga Research Foundation, Norwalk, CA 90650, USA
2Swami Vivekananda Yoga University (SVYASA), Bangalore, Karnataka 560019, India
3White Memorial Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA

Received 31 January 2015; Accepted 16 April 2015

Academic Editor: Waris Qidwai

Copyright © 2015 Vijaya Kavuri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms manifesting as a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder in which patients experience abdominal pain, discomfort, and bloating that is often relieved with defecation. IBS is often associated with a host of secondary comorbidities such as anxiety, depression, headaches, and fatigue. In this review, we examined the basic principles of Pancha Kosha (five sheaths of human existence) concept from an Indian scripture Taittiriya Upanishad and the pathophysiology of a disease from the Yoga approach, Yoga Vasistha’s Adhi (originated from mind) and Vyadhi (ailment/disease) concept. An analogy between the age old, the most profound concept of Adhi-Vyadhi, and modern scientific stress-induced dysregulation of brain-gut axis, as it relates to IBS that could pave way for impacting IBS, is emphasized. Based on these perspectives, a plausible Yoga module as a remedial therapy is provided to better manage the primary and secondary symptoms of IBS.