Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Evaluation of the Immediate Effect of Auricular Acupuncture on Pain and Electromyographic Activity of the Upper Trapezius Muscle in Patients with Nonspecific Neck Pain: A Randomized, Single-Blinded, Sham-Controlled, Crossover Study

Table 2

Mean and standard deviation (±SD) of pain intensity obtained by the NRS.

TreatmentBeforeAfterMean differencep value

AA4.25 ± 1.132.25 ± 0.972.00 ± 0.16
SAA4.00 ± 0.732.33 ± 1.071.67 ± 0.34

AA: auricular acupuncture treatment. SAA: sham auricular acupuncture treatment.
-test (post hoc test).