Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 684839, 6 pages
Research Article

Evaluation of Antibacterial and Antifungal Properties of Alchornea laxiflora (Benth.) Pax. & Hoffman

1SA-MRC Microbial Water Quality Monitoring Centre, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa
2Applied and Environmental Microbiology Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa
3Department of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife 234, Osun State, Nigeria
4GI Microbiology and Biotechnology Unit, Agricultural Research Council, Animal Production Institute, Irene, Pretoria 0062, South Africa
5Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Technology, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa

Received 27 October 2014; Accepted 28 December 2014

Academic Editor: Mohd R. Sulaiman

Copyright © 2015 David A. Akinpelu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Nair, T. Kalariya, and S. Chanda, “Antibacterial activity of some selected Indian medicinal flora,” Turkish Journal of Biology, vol. 29, pp. 41–47, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. W. Iwu, A. R. Duncan, and O. O. Okunji, “New antimicrobials of plant origin,” in Perspective on New Crops & New Uses, J. Janick, Ed., pp. 457–462, ASHS Press, Alexandria, Va, USA, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  3. H. M. Burkill, The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Volume 2: Families E-I, Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, Richmond, UK, 2nd edition, 1994.
  4. A. O. Adeloye, M. A. Aderogba, T. O. Idowu, E. M. Obuotor, and A. O. Ogundaini, “Investigation of the antioxidant activity of Alchornea laxiflora (Benth) and its constituents,” Journal of Food Technology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 365–369, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  5. O. O. Ogundipe, J. O. Moody, P. J. Houghton, and H. A. Odelola, “Bioactive chemical constituents from Alchornea laxiflora (benth) pax and hoffman,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 275–280, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. K. Oladunmoye and F. Y. Kehinde, “Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in treating viral infections among Yoruba tribe of South Western Nigeria,” African Journal of Microbiology Research, vol. 5, no. 19, pp. 2991–3004, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. G. K. Oloyede, P. A. Onocha, J. Soyinka, O. Oguntokun, and E. Thonda, “Phytochemical screening, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of four Nigerian medicinal plants,” Annals of Biological Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 114–120, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  8. E. O. Farombi, O. O. Ogundipe, E. S. Uhunwangho, M. A. Adeyanju, and J. O. Moody, “Antioxidant properties of extracts from Alchornea laxiflora (Benth) Pax and Hoffman,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 713–716, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. U. S. Esosa, K. Omage, O. Erifeta, J. S. Georgina, and N. C. O. Spencer, “Possible reversal of sodium arsenate-induced liver toxicity by hexane leaf extract of Alchornea laxiflora,” Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 3–8, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  10. G. E. Trease and W. C. Evans, Textbook of Pharmacognosy, Bailliere Tindall, London, UK, 2002.
  11. J. B. Harborne, Phytochemical Methods—A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1998.
  12. A. D. Russell and J. R. Furr, “The antibacterial activity of a new chloroxylenol preparation containing ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid,” Journal of Applied Bacteriology, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 253–260, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. O. N. Irobi, M. Moo-Young, W. A. Anderson, and S. O. Daramola, “Antimicrobial activity of bark extracts of Bridelia ferruginea (Euphorbiaceae),” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 185–190, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. A. Akinpelu and D. O. Kolawole, “Phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of leaf extract of Piliostigma thonningii (Shum),” Science Focus, vol. 7, pp. 64–70, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  15. E. E. Olorundare, T. S. Emudianugbe, G. S. Khaar, S. A. Kuteyi, and D. N. Irobi, “Antibacterial properties of leaf extract of Cassia alata,” Biological Research Communications, vol. 4, pp. 113–117, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. J. Pelczar, E. C. Chan, and N. R. Kruz, Microbiology, McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, India, 5th edition, 2006.
  17. N. Zaias and G. Rebell, “Clinical and mycological status of the Trichophyton mentagrophytes (interdigitale) syndrome of chronic dermatophytosis of the skin and nails,” International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 779–788, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. J. Lotery, J. R. Kerr, and B. A. Page, “Fungal keratitis caused by Scopulariopsis brevicaulis: Successful treatment with topical amphotericin B and chloramphenicol without the need for surgical debridement,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 78, no. 9, p. 730, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus