Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 689056, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/689056
Review Article

Traditional Chinese Herb Combined with Surgery versus Surgery for Varicocele Infertility: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1Department of Urology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, China
2Spine Disease Institution, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, China

Received 14 September 2014; Accepted 16 December 2014

Academic Editor: Waris Qidwai

Copyright © 2015 Rong-liang Dun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. M. Nagler, R. K. Luntz, and F. G. Martinis, “Varicocele,” in Infertility in the Male, L. I. Lipshultz and S. S. Howards, Eds., pp. 336–359, Mosby Year Book, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  2. The Male Infertility Best Practice Policy Committee of the American Urological Association and The Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, “Report on varicocele and infertility,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 82, supplement 1, pp. S142–S145, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  3. V. A. Giagulli, “Varicocele correction for infertility: which patients to treat?” International Journal of Andrology, vol. 33, pp. 1–6, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Cocuzza, M. A. Cocuzza, F. M. P. Bragais, and A. Agarwal, “The role of varicocele repair in the new era of assisted reproductive technology,” Clinics, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 395–404, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Ricardo and C. E. Sandro, “A critical appraisal on the role of varicocele in male infertility,” Advances in Urology, vol. 2012, Article ID 597495, 9 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. L. Evers and J. A. Collins, “Surgery or embolisation for varicocele in subfertile men,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 3, Article ID CD000479, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. L. H. Evers and J. A. Collins, “Assessment of efficacy of varicocele repair for male subfertility: a systematic review,” The Lancet, vol. 361, no. 9372, pp. 1849–1852, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Kamischke and E. Nieschlag, “Varicocele treatment in the light of evidence-based andrology,” Human Reproduction Update, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 65–69, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. Krause, H.-H. Müller, H. Schäfer, and W. Weidner, “Does treatment of varicocele improve male fertility? Results of the “Deutsche Varikozelenstudie”, a multicentre study of 14 collaborating centres,” Andrologia, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 164–171, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. The Practice Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, “Report on varicocele and infertility,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 86, supplement 4, pp. S93–S95, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. C. Vincent and A. Furnham, “Why do patients turn to complementary medicine? An empirical study,” British Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 37–48, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Zini, M. A. Fischer, R. K. Nam, and K. Jarvi, “Use of alternative and hormonal therapies in male infertility,” Urology, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 141–143, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Coulson and J. Jenkins, “Complementary and alternative medicine utilisation in NHS and private clinic settings: a United Kingdom survey of 400 infertility patients,” Journal of Experimental and Clinical Assisted Reproduction, vol. 2, no. 1, article 5, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. Gerhard and E. Wallis, “Individualized homeopathic therapy for male infertility,” Homeopathy, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 133–144, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. G. Tempest, S. T. Homa, E. J. Routledge, A. Garner, X.-P. Zhai, and D. K. Griffin, “Plants used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of maleinfertility possess antioxidant and anti-estrogenic activity,” Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine, vol. 54, no. 4-5, pp. 185–195, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. J. P. T. Higgins, D. G. Altman, P. C. Gotzsche et al., “The Cochrane Collaborations tool for assessing risk of bias in randomized trials,” The British Medical Journal, vol. 343, no. 7829, Article ID d5928, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  17. X. J. Xu, Q. L. Zhang, Y. Tian et al., “Influence through addiction Tsan Yuk Tang on semen parameters after varicocele patients,” China Pharmaceutical Guide, vol. 7, no. 11, p. 669, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  18. H. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, and T. Song, “Comprehensive treatment of varicocele cause of male infertility,” Chinese Journal of Coal Industry Medicine, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 868–869, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  19. R. S. Wang and C. M. Ma, “Application research varicocele surgery in the treatment of infertility seminiferous,” Health Digest, vol. 9, no. 39, pp. 48–50, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. Y. Cui, “Tongjingling combined with the varicocele devascularization clinical observation of 37 cases of infertility,” Zhejiang Journal of Medicine, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 30–31, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  21. X. Z. Li, Varicocele treatment of infertility research integrative medicine [M.S. thesis], Guangxi College of Medicine, 2008.
  22. X. B. Mo and X. L. Zhang, “Operation treatment combined with TCM on male infertility caused by varicocele,” Hei Long Jiang Medical Journal, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 175–177, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. Wang, C. H. Diao, and M. Jiang, “Treatment of retroperitoneal varicocelectomy and the traditional Chinese medicine for subfertile man with varicoceles,” China Medical Herald, vol. 5, no. 9, pp. 19–21, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  24. Y. M. Zhuo, W. J. Zhu, W. B. Liang et al., “Comparison of the efficacy of operation combined with Chinese medicine on treating infertile men with severe varicocele,” Guangdong Medical Journal, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 114–116, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  25. T. Chen and K. Y. Li, “Chinese medicine combined with surgical treatment of varicocele infertility clinical observation,” Henan Chinese Medicine Journal, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 32–33, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. T. He, L. Z. Chen, C. Q. Huang et al., “Clinical efficacy of Chinese traditional medicine Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang combined with operation in the treatment of patients with varicocele,” Hainan Medical Journal, vol. 23, no. 18, pp. 24–25, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  27. Y. H. Cao, Yishentongdugranule combined with surgical treatment of varicocele infertility clinical observation [M.S. thesis], Henan Medical College, 2006.
  28. L. C. Tang, “Clinical observation of Qi Granules on spermatogenesis varicocele infertility affect semen quality after,” Journal of New Chinese Medicine, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 49–50, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  29. N. S. Chang, “Analysis on semen quality by the combined treatment of operation and Guizhifuling capsule for varicocele,” Aerospace Medicine, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1–2, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  30. Z. M. Sun, Y. Z. Bao, and W. Q. Chen, “Clinical studies of sperm damage caused by varicocele,” in Proceedings of the 11th Conference of Andrology Academic Association of Chinese Medicine, 2012.
  31. L. Z. Chen, H. Y. Chen, J. B. Du et al., “Study on Wuziyanzong pills and Shengjing capsule combined with operation in the treatment of infertility caused by varicocele,” Lingnan Modern Clinical Surgery, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 141–146, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  32. S. X. Hu, “Modified Wuziyanzong pill combined operation to treat 60 cases of varicocele male infertility,” Liaoning Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 953–954, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  33. S. J. Wu, X. L. Lin, Z. Q. Liang et al., “The research of high ligation of the spermatic vein with Wuziyanzong Wan in the treatment of male infertility,” China & Foreign Medical Treatment, vol. 10, pp. 14–15, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  34. J. I. Gorelick and M. Goldstein, “Loss of fertility in men with varicocele,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 613–616, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. A. Witt and L. I. Lipshultz, “Varicocele: a progressive or static lesion?” Urology, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 541–543, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Y. Cheong, L. G. Nardo, T. Rutherford, and W. Ledger, “Acupuncture and herbal medicine in in vitro fertilisation: a review of the evidence for clinical practice,” Human Fertility, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 3–12, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. W. Yuan and A. F. Zhou, “Kidney clinical research on treatment of varicocele infertility,” Medical Information, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 2749–2710, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  38. Z. X. Sun, “Yishentongluo treatment of varicocele 65 cases of infertility,” Zhejiang Journal of Medicine, vol. 11, no. 6, p. 475, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  39. F. Qi, “Varicocele clinical observation of 63 cases of male infertility ‘fine Suokang’ treatment,” Jiangsu Traditional Medicine, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 45–46, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  40. G. C. Qi, Q. X. Li, Q. L. Kuo et al., “Through fine granules of varicocele patients with infertility affect sperm motility parameters,” Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 673–675, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  41. X. M. Wang, H. Fu, and G. X. Liu, “Clinical and experimental study on effect of Wu-Zi-Yan-Zong pill on oxidative damage of mitochondrial DNA in aging,” Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 101, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  42. K. H. Chen, J. Fang, and X. W. Kuang, “The effect of extracting solution of raspberry on hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis function,” China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 560–562, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  43. M.-S. Chang, W.-N. Kim, W.-M. Yang, H.-Y. Kim, J.-H. Oh, and S.-K. Park, “Cytoprotective effects of Morinda officinalis against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in Leydig TM3 cells,” Asian Journal of Andrology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 667–674, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. J. Peng, R. K. Lu, and L. H. Yu, “Effects of semen Cuscutae, rhizoma Curculiginis, radix Morindae officinalis on human spermatozoan's motility and membrane function in vitro,” ZhongguoZhong Xi YiJie He ZaZhi, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 145–147, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. R. J. Aitken and M. A. Baker, “Oxidative stress, sperm survival and fertility control,” Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, vol. 250, no. 1-2, pp. 66–69, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. Q. Wang, “TCM reproduction medicine history, current situation and prospect,” Chinese Journal of Human Sexuality, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 3–7, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  47. N. Dai, “The mechanism research of traditional Chinese medicine for the male infertility,” Journal of Reproduction and Contraception, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 200–203, 1997. View at Google Scholar