Table 2: Characteristics of traditional herbal medicines (THMs) use.

Age when participant first used THM med (IQR)35 (20–54)
Obtains THM at market (%)
 Yes49 (39.5)
 No75 (60.5)
Obtains THM at traditional practitioner (%)
 Yes33 (26.6)
 No91 (73.4)
Obtains THM from personal harvest (%)
 Yes26 (21.0)
 No98 (79.0)
Obtains THM from the pharmacist (%)
 Yes17 (13.7)
 No107 (86.3)
Obtains THM over the counter (%)
 Yes5 (4.0)
 No119 (96.0)
Participant takes THM as a tea (%)
 Yes99 (83.9)
 No19 (16.1)
Participant takes THM as a powder (%)
 Yes11 (9.3)
 No107 (90.7)
Participant takes THM as an extract (%)
 Yes12 (10.2)
 No106 (89.8)
Participant takes THM as a tablet
 Yes3 (2.5)
 No115 (97.5)
Participant takes THM as a decoction
 Yes8 (6.8)
 No110 (93.2)
Who or what influences participant to use THM? (%)
 Friends/colleagues21 (18.1)
 Partner7 (6.0)
 Family/relatives67 (57.8)
 Self7 (6.0)
 Traditional practitioner8 (6.9)
 Advertisement3 (2.6)
 Healthcare providers2 (1.7)
 Other1 (0.9)
Family history is the reason for THM use (%)
 Yes60 (48.8)
 No63 (51.2)
Cultural beliefs are the reason for THM use (%)
 Yes41 (33.3)
 No82 (66.7)
Low cost is the reason for THM use (%)
 Yes20 (16.3)
 No103 (83.7)
Accessibility is the reason for THM use (%)
 Yes15 (12.2)
 No108 (87.8)
A positive recommendation is the reason for THM use (%)
 Yes28 (22.8)
 No95 (77.2)
Treating a condition is the reason for THM use (%)
 Yes40 (32.5)
 No83 (67.5)
Managing a condition is the reason for THM use (%)
 Yes16 (13.0)
 No107 (87.0)
How often is THM used by the participant? (%)
 Never2 (1.6)
 Rarely33 (26.8)
 Sometimes46 (37.4)
 Often28 (22.8)
 Always14 (11.4)
Participant uses THM in combination with conventional medicine? (%)
 Yes46 (37.1)
 No78 (62.9)
Participant thinks THM is effective? (%)
 Yes75 (64.7)
 No20 (17.2)
 Sometimes21 (18.1)
Participant thinks THM is better than CM? (%)
 Less efficacy38 (31.1)
 Equal efficacy32 (26.2)
 More efficacy26 (21.3)
 Unknown26 (21.3)
How much is the family willing to pay for THM per year?
R10023 (19.5)
 R100–R25014 (11.9)
 R251–R5007 (5.9)
 R501–R7504 (3.4)
 R751–R10002 (1.7)
R10006 (5.1)
 Nothing62 (52.5)