Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Progressive Muscle Relaxation Improves Anxiety and Depression of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Patients

Table 1

Baseline sociodemographic characteristics of patients.

Control
()
PMR
()

Age (years)53.6 ± 12.254.5 ± 13.0 0.79

Age group (years) (%)<407 (11.9)5 (9.1)0.98
40–4912 (20.3)12 (21.8)
50–5915 (25.4)13 (23.6)
60–6914 (23.7)15 (27.3)
7011 (18.7)10 (18.2)

Gender (%)Female 40 (67.8)41 (74.5)0.54

BMI29.4 ± 5.730.1 ± 6.30.54

Religious (%)Yes17 (28.8)14 (25.5)0.83
No42 (71.2)41 (74.5)

Living alone (%)Yes21 (35.6)22 (40.0)0.70
No38 (64.4)33 (60.0)

Education level (%)middle school 12 (20.3)10 (18.2)0.94
High school27 (45.8)25 (45.5)
college 20 (33.9)20 (36.3)

Economic status (%)Poor9 (15.3)8 (14.5)0.95
Fair24 (40.7)24 (43.6)
Good26 (44.0)23 (41.9)

Smoking status (%)Current 3 (5.1)4 (7.2)0.79
Former50 (84.7)44 (80.0)
Never 6 (10.2)7 (12.8)

Note: for continuous variables, all values were expressed as mean SD and Student’s -tests were performed to compare means between the groups. For categorical variables, all values were expressed as (%) and comparisons were performed with Chi-square tests. BMI: body mass index.

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