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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 794928, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/794928
Research Article

Yoga and Emotion Regulation in High School Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1Department of Psychology, Long Island University, Brooklyn Campus, 1 University Plaza, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
2Department of Physical Therapy, Long Island University, Brooklyn Campus, 1 University Plaza, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA

Received 9 June 2015; Accepted 2 August 2015

Academic Editor: Waris Qidwai

Copyright © 2015 Leslie A. Daly et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Middle adolescents (15–17 years old) are prone to increased risk taking and emotional instability. Emotion dysregulation contributes to a variety of psychosocial difficulties in this population. A discipline such as yoga offered during school may increase emotion regulation, but research in this area is lacking. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of a yoga intervention on the emotion regulation of high school students as compared to physical education (PE). In addition, the potential mediating effects of mindful attention, self-compassion, and body awareness on the relationship between yoga and emotion regulation were examined. High school students were randomized to participate in a 16-week yoga intervention () or regular PE (). Pre-post data analyses revealed that emotion regulation increased significantly in the yoga group as compared to the PE group ( (1,32) = 7.50, , and eta2 = .19). No significant relationship was discovered between the changes in emotion regulation and the proposed mediating variables. Preliminary results suggest that yoga increases emotion regulation capacities of middle adolescents and provides benefits beyond that of PE alone.