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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 841752, 25 pages
Review Article

Evaluation of Chemical Constituents and Important Mechanism of Pharmacological Biology in Dendrobium Plants

1School of Chinese Medicine, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 10 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong
2School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong

Received 24 November 2014; Accepted 9 February 2015

Academic Editor: Wagner Vilegas

Copyright © 2015 Yau Lam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Dendrobium species, commonly known as “Shihu” or “Huangcao,” represents the second largest genus of Orchidaceae, which are used commonly as tonic herbs and healthy food in many Asian countries. The aim of this paper is to review the history, chemistry, and pharmacology of different Dendrobium species on the basis of the latest academic literatures found in Google Scholar, PubMed, Sciencedirect, Scopus, and SID.