Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Corrigendum

A corrigendum for this article has been published. To view the corrigendum, please click here.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 870398, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/870398
Review Article

Acupuncture for Spasticity after Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

1Department of Motor & Cognition Rehabilitation, Korean National Rehabilitation Research Institute, 111 Gaorigil, Gangbuk-gu, Seoul 142-884, Republic of Korea
2College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 23 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-872, Republic of Korea
3Institute for Evidence-Based Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, 126-1 Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-705, Republic of Korea

Received 27 June 2014; Accepted 21 November 2014

Academic Editor: Cun-Zhi Liu

Copyright © 2015 Sung Min Lim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Wu, E. Mills, D. Moher, and D. Seely, “Acupuncture in poststroke rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. e171–e179, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. S. H. Lee, Y. O. Wong, Y. O. Wong, and C. T. Che, “Acupuncture in managing of spasticity of post stroke survivor: a systematic review,” Stroke, vol. 43, p. A3506, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. D. Zorowitz, P. J. Gillard, and M. Brainin, “Poststroke spasticity: sequelae and burden on stroke survivors and caregivers,” Neurology, vol. 80, supplement 2, no. 3, pp. S45–S52, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. K. Sommerfeld, E. U. B. Eek, A. K. Svensson, L. W. Holmqvist, and M. H. von Arbin, “Spasticity after stroke: its occurrence and association with motor impairments and activity limitations,” Stroke, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 134–139, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  5. G. E. Francisco and J. R. McGuire, “Poststroke spasticity management,” Stroke, vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 3132–3136, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  6. L. R. Logan, “Rehabilitation techniques to maximize spasticity management,” Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 203–211, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. K.-H. Sze, E. Wong, K. H. Or, C. M. Lum, and J. Woo, “Factors predicting stroke disability at discharge: a study of 793 Chinese,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 81, no. 7, pp. 876–880, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. Lundström, A. Smits, J. Borg, and A. Terént, “Four-fold increase in direct costs of stroke survivors with spasticity compared with stroke survivors without spasticity: the first year after the event,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 319–324, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. J. D. Lee, J. S. Chon, H. K. Jeong et al., “The cerebrovascular response to traditional acupuncture after stroke,” Neuroradiology, vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 780–784, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. H.-H. Hu, C. Chung, T. J. Liu et al., “A randomized controlled trial on the treatment for acute partial ischemic stroke with acupuncture,” Neuroepidemiology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 106–113, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. A. Rabinstein and L. M. Shulman, “Acupuncture in clinical neurology,” Neurologist, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 137–148, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. C. Shin, H. J. Lim, and M. S. Lee, “Effectiveness of combined acupuncture therapy and conventional treatment on shoulder range of motion and motor power in stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder subluxation: a pilot study,” International Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 117, no. 4, pp. 519–523, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. J. Park, V. Hopwood, A. R. White, and E. Ernst, “Effectiveness of acupuncture for stroke: a systematic review,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 248, no. 7, pp. 558–563, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Li, B. Fen, J. Zhou, and Y. Liu, “Meta-analysis of acupuncture for post-stroke paralysis,” Journal of Chengdu University of TCM, vol. 25, pp. 37–39, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  15. F. K.-H. Sze, E. Wong, K. H. Kevin, J. Lau, and J. Woo, “Does acupuncture improve motor recovery after stroke? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials,” Stroke, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 2604–2619, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. H. Zhang, M. Liu, K. Asplund, and L. Li, “Acupuncture for acute stroke,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 2, Article ID CD003317, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  17. H. M. Wu, J. L. Tang, X. P. Lin et al., “Acupuncture for stroke rehabilitation,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 3, Article ID CD004131, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y. S. Kim, “Antispastic effects of electroacupuncture, TENS and NMES in stroke patient,” The Journal of Korea Acupunture & Moxibustion Society, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 209–220, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  19. S. K. Moon, Y. K. Whang, S. U. Park et al., “Antispastic effect of electroacupuncture and moxibustion in stroke patients,” The American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 467–474, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. G. Zhao, C. H. Cao, C. Z. Liu et al., “Effect of acupuncture treatment on spastic states of stroke patients,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 276, no. 1-2, pp. 143–147, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  21. T. Zong, “Influence of Du acupoint electrical stimulation on limb spasticity after cerebral infarction and motor function,” Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 1391–1393, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  22. M. Fink, J. D. Rollnik, M. Bijak et al., “Needle acupuncture in chronic poststroke leg spasticity,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 667–672, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. W. Lee, J. M. Yun, J. W. Son et al., “The effect of electoacupunture on upper-extremity spasticity of stoke patients,” Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 492–501, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  24. E. Ernst and M. H. Pittler, “Alternative therapy bias,” Nature, vol. 385, no. 6616, article 480, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. H. Pittler, N. C. Abbot, E. F. Harkness, and E. Ernst, “Location bias in controlled clinical trials of complementary/alternative therapies,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 485–489, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. R. Rothstein, A. J. Sutton, and M. Borenstein, “Publication bias in meta analysis,” in Publication Bias in Meta-Analysis: Prevention, Assessment and Adjustments, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  27. C. Begg, M. Cho, S. Eastwood et al., “Improving the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials: the CONSORT statement,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 276, no. 8, pp. 637–639, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. MacPherson, A. White, M. Cummings, K. A. Jobst, K. Rose, and R. C. Niemtzow, “Standards for reporting interventions in controlled trials of acupuncture: the STRICTA recommendations,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 85–89, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus