Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 871316, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/871316
Research Article

The Effect of Essential Oils and Bioactive Fractions on Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans Biofilms: A Confocal Analysis

1Pharmacology, Anesthesiology and Therapeutics, Department of Physiological Sciences, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, 13414-903 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
2Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
3Research Center for Chemistry, Biology and Agriculture, University of Campinas, 13083-970 Campinas, SP, Brazil
4Department of Agri-Food Industry, Food and Nutrition, “Luiz de Queiroz” College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, 13418-900 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

Received 28 December 2014; Revised 6 February 2015; Accepted 9 February 2015

Academic Editor: Gloria Brusotti

Copyright © 2015 Irlan Almeida Freires et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. D. Marsh, “Dental plaque: biological significance of a biofilm and community life-style,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 32, supplement 6, pp. 7–15, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. M. Cornfortha, R. Popata, L. McNallya et al., “Combinatorial quorum sensing allows bacteria to resolve their social and physical environment,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 111, no. 11, pp. 4280–4284, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. H. Koo, M. L. Falsetta, and M. I. Klein, “The exopolysaccharide matrix: a virulence determinant of cariogenic biofilm,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 92, no. 12, pp. 1065–1073, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. I. Klein, J. Xiao, B. Lu, C. M. Delahunty, J. R. Yates III, and H. Koo, “Streptococcus mutans protein synthesis during mixed-species biofilm development by high-throughput quantitative proteomics,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 9, Article ID e45795, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. C. O. Sardi, L. Scorzoni, T. Bernardi, A. M. Fusco-Almeida, and M. J. S. M. Giannini, “Candida species: current epidemiology, pathogenicity, biofilm formation, natural antifungal products and new therapeutic options,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 10–24, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Pfaller, D. Neofytos, D. Diekema et al., “Epidemiology and outcomes of candidemia in 3648 patients: data from the Prospective Antifungal Therapy (PATH Alliance) registry, 2004–2008,” Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 323–331, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. I. Conway, A. D. McMahon, D. Robertson, and L. M. D. Macpherson, “Epidemiology of dental diseases,” in Handbook of Epidemiology, pp. 2321–2353, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  8. F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck, and M. Idaomar, “Biological effects of essential oils—a review,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 446–475, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. C. D. C. Galvão, V. F. Furletti, S. M. F. Bersan et al., “Antimicrobial activity of essential oils against Streptococcus mutans and their antiproliferative effects,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 751435, 12 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. M. F. Bersan, Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of essential oils against oral pathogens [Ph.D. thesis], University of Campinas, 2012.
  11. I. A. Freires, V. F. Furletti, A. Sartoratto et al., “Coriandrum sativum L. (coriander) essential oil: antifungal activity and mode of action on Candida spp., and molecular targets affected in human whole-genome expression,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 6, Article ID e99086, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. V. F. Furletti, I. P. Teixeira, G. Obando-Pereda et al., “Action of Coriandrum sativum l. Essential oil upon oral Candida albicans biofilm formation,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2011, Article ID 985832, 9 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. P. Adams, Identification of Essential Oils Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, Allured, Carol Stream, Ill, USA, 2007.
  14. M. G. da Cunha, M. Franchin, L. C. de Carvalho Galvão et al., “Apolar bioactive fraction of Melipona scutellaris geopropolis on Streptococcus mutans biofilm,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 256287, 7 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. M. Kuhn, J. Chandra, P. K. Mukherjee, and M. A. Ghannoum, “Comparison of biofilms formed by Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis on bioprosthetic surfaces,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 878–888, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. Ramage, R. Rajendran, L. Sherry, and C. Williams, “Fungal biofilm resistance,” International Journal of Microbiology, vol. 2012, Article ID 528521, 14 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Xiao, M. I. Klein, M. L. Falsetta et al., “The exopolysaccharide matrix modulates the interaction between 3D architecture and virulence of a mixed-species oral biofilm,” PLoS Pathogens, vol. 8, no. 4, Article ID e1002623, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Bueno-Silva, S. M. Alencar, H. Koo et al., “Anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial evaluation of neovestitol and vestitol isolated from brazilian red propolis,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 61, no. 19, pp. 4546–4550, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Heydorn, A. T. Nielsen, M. Hentzer et al., “Quantification of biofilm structures by the novel computer program COMSTAT,” Microbiology, vol. 146, no. 10, pp. 2395–2407, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Vagionas, K. Graikou, O. Ngassapa, D. Runyoro, and I. Chinou, “Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of three Satureja species growing in Tanzania,” Food Chemistry, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 319–324, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J.-G. Jeon, P. L. Rosalen, M. L. Falsetta, and H. Koo, “Natural products in caries research: current (limited) knowledge, challenges and future perspective,” Caries Research, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 243–263, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. Bueno-Silva, H. Koo, M. L. Falsetta, S. M. Alencar, M. Ikegaki, and P. L. Rosalen, “Effect of neovestitol-vestitol containing Brazilian red propolis on accumulation of biofilm in vitro and development of dental caries in vivo,” Biofouling, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1233–1242, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. J. Palmer Jr., J. A. J. Haagensen, T. R. Neu, and C. Sternberg, “Confocal microscopy of biofilms—spatiotemporal approaches,” in Handbook of Biological Confocal Microscopy, pp. 870–888, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 3rd edition, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  24. L. M. Gonçalves, A. A. D. B. Cury, A. A. de Vasconcellos, J. A. Cury, and W. J. da Silva, “Confocal analysis of the exopolysaccharide matrix of Candida albicans biofilms,” Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Simões, “Antimicrobial strategies effective against infectious bacterial biofilms,” Current Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 18, no. 14, pp. 2129–2145, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. L. Falsetta, M. I. Klein, J. A. Lemos et al., “Novel antibiofilm chemotherapy targets exopolysaccharide synthesis and stress tolerance in Streptococcus mutans to modulate virulence expression in vivo,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 6201–6211, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. G. Pierce, A. Srinivasan, P. Uppuluri, A. K. Ramasubramanian, and J. L. López-Ribot, “Antifungal therapy with an emphasis on biofilms,” Current Opinion in Pharmacology, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 726–730, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. F. Carson, B. J. Mee, and T. V. Riley, “Mechanism of action of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil on Staphylococcus aureus determined by time-kill, lysis, leakage, and salt tolerance assays and electron microscopy,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1914–1920, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. A. Burdock and I. G. Carabin, “Safety assessment of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil as a food ingredient,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 22–34, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J.-G. Jeon, M. I. Klein, J. Xiao, S. Gregoire, P. L. Rosalen, and H. Koo, “Influences of naturally occurring agents in combination with fluoride on gene expression and structural organization of Streptococcus mutans in biofilms,” BMC Microbiology, vol. 9, article 228, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus