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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 915087, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/915087
Research Article

The Effect of Ginger (Zingiber officinalis) and Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus) Extract Supplementation on Functional Dyspepsia: A Randomised, Double-Blind, and Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

1Department of Gastroenterology, Policlinico di Monza, 20900 Milan, Italy
2Section of Biostatistics, Neurophysiology and Psychiatry, Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
3Research and Development Unit, Indena, 20139 Milan, Italy
4Section of Human Nutrition, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Azienda di Servizi alla Persona, 27100 Pavia, Italy

Received 9 December 2014; Accepted 23 March 2015

Academic Editor: Xiu-Min Li

Copyright © 2015 Attilio Giacosa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a frequent clinical finding in western world. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of a ginger and artichoke supplementation versus placebo in the treatment of FD. Methods. A prospective multicentre, double blind, randomized, placebo controlled, parallel-group comparison of the supplement and placebo over a period of 4 weeks was performed. Two capsules/day were supplied (before lunch and dinner) to 126 FD patients (supplementation/placebo: 65/61). Results. After 14 days of treatment, only supplementation group (SG) showed a significant amelioration (SG: MCA score units (u), ; placebo:  u, ). The intercept () resulted to be significantly higher in SG than in placebo ( u, ). At the end of the study, the advantage of SG versus placebo persists without variation ( u, ). In SG, a significant advantage is observed for nausea ( u, ), epigastric fullness (, ), epigastric pain ( u, ), and bloating ( u, ). Conclusions. The association between ginger and artichoke leaf extracts appears safe and efficacious in the treatment of FD and could represent a promising treatment for this disease.