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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 925096, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/925096
Research Article

Evaluation of Antifungal Activity and Mode of Action of New Coumarin Derivative, 7-Hydroxy-6-nitro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one, against Aspergillus spp.

1Pharmaceutical Science Department, Federal University of Paraíba, 58051-970 João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
2Laboratory of Synthesis and Drug Delivery, Biological Science Department, State University of Paraíba, 58020-540 João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
3Center of Education and Heath, Federal University of Campina Grande, 58175-000 Cuité, PB, Brazil

Received 2 April 2015; Revised 26 May 2015; Accepted 28 May 2015

Academic Editor: Filippo Maggi

Copyright © 2015 Felipe Queiroga Sarmento Guerra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aspergillus spp. produce a wide variety of diseases. For the treatment of such infections, the azoles and Amphotericin B are used in various formulations. The treatment of fungal diseases is often ineffective, because of increases in azole resistance and their several associated adverse effects. To overcome these problems, natural products and their derivatives are interesting alternatives. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of coumarin derivative, 7-hydroxy-6-nitro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one (Cou-NO2), both alone and with antifungal drugs. Its mode of action against Aspergillus spp. Cou-NO2 was tested to evaluate its effects on mycelia growth and germination of fungal conidia of Aspergillus spp. We also investigated possible Cou-NO2 action on cell walls (0.8 M sorbitol) and on Cou-NO2 to ergosterol binding in the cell membrane. The study shows that Cou-NO2 is capable of inhibiting both the mycelia growth and germination of conidia for the species tested, and that its action affects the structure of the fungal cell wall. At subinhibitory concentration, Cou-NO2 enhanced the in vitro effects of azoles. Moreover, in combination with azoles (voriconazole and itraconazole) Cou-NO2 displays an additive effect. Thus, our study supports the use of coumarin derivative 7-hydroxy-6-nitro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one as an antifungal agent against Aspergillus species.