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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 3901485, 8 pages
Research Article

The Relationship between Constitution of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the First Trimester and Pregnancy Symptoms: A Longitudinal Observational Study

1Department of Prevention, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
2Department of Health Care Management, Public Health School, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350108, China
3Key Laboratory of Arrhythmias, Ministry of Education, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China
4Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 201204, China
5Tongji Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200065, China

Received 9 December 2015; Accepted 3 March 2016

Academic Editor: Kieran Cooley

Copyright © 2016 QiaoYu Jiang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. We report on the distribution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) constitution in the first trimester and on the association between TCM constitution and maternal symptoms related to pregnancy. Methods. Participants were followed up until delivery to observe primary measures (gestational hypertension and gestational diabetes mellitus) and secondary measures (signs of miscarriage, miscarriage, nausea and vomiting, and sleepiness and defecation during pregnancy). Descriptive analysis, t-tests, chi-square tests, and logistic regression analysis were used in this study. Results. 61.8% of the participants had unbalanced constitutions. We did not find a significant association between the TCM constitution and gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, miscarriage, signs of miscarriage, and defecation during pregnancy. And we found that women with unbalanced constitutions in early pregnancy had a greater likelihood of severe nausea and vomiting and poor sleep during pregnancy in the logistic regression analysis. Conclusions. These results have implications for female health care providers and policy makers. Identification of TCM constitution may be helpful for understanding nausea and vomiting and poor sleepiness during pregnancy, especially in the condition that can not be explained by modern medical science, and be helpful for making program to improve these uncomfortable symptoms.