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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4013989, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4013989
Research Article

Effects of Ving Tsun Chinese Martial Art Training on Upper Extremity Muscle Strength and Eye-Hand Coordination in Community-Dwelling Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Pilot Study

1Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
2School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
3Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong
4School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
5Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
6Faculty of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong
7Elderly Core Business, Hong Kong Christian Service, Tsimshatsui, Hong Kong
8Bliss District Elderly Community Centre, Active Ageing Service, Hong Kong Christian Service, Kwun Tong, Hong Kong
9Department of Health and Physical Education, The Education University of Hong Kong, Tai Po, Hong Kong

Received 31 December 2015; Accepted 30 June 2016

Academic Editor: Mariangela Rondanelli

Copyright © 2016 Shirley S. M. Fong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate the effects of Ving Tsun (VT) martial art training on the upper extremity muscle strength and eye-hand coordination of middle-aged and older adults. Methods. This study used a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Forty-two community-dwelling healthy adults participated in the study; 24 (mean age ± SD = years) underwent VT training for 4 weeks (a supervised VT session twice a week, plus daily home practice), and 18 (mean age ± SD = years) received no VT training and acted as controls. Shoulder and elbow isometric muscle strength and eye-hand coordination were evaluated using the Lafayette Manual Muscle Test System and a computerized finger-pointing test, respectively. Results. Elbow extensor peak force increased by 13.9% () in the VT group and the time to reach peak force decreased (9.9%) differentially in the VT group compared to the control group (). For the eye-hand coordination assessment outcomes, reaction time increased by 2.9% in the VT group and decreased by 5.3% in the control group (). Conclusions. Four weeks of VT training could improve elbow extensor isometric peak force and the time to reach peak force but not eye-hand coordination in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults.