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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 6082729, 13 pages
Review Article

Application of Traditional Chinese Medical Herbs in Prevention and Treatment of Respiratory Syncytial Virus

1Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Pediatric Respiratory Disease, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China
2Institute of Pediatrics, The First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China
3Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Efficient Delivery System of TCM, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China
4Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100700, China

Received 6 January 2016; Accepted 26 May 2016

Academic Editor: Troy Carlo

Copyright © 2016 Li Li Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common viral pathogen of the lower respiratory tract, which, in the absence of effective management, causes millions of cases of severe illness per year. Many of these infections develop into fatal pneumonia. In a review of English and Chinese medical literature, recent traditional Chinese medical herb- (TCMH-) based progress in the area of prevention and treatment was identified, and the potential anti-RSV compounds, herbs, and formulas were explored. Traditional Chinese medical herbs have a positive effect on inhibiting viral attachment, inhibiting viral internalization, syncytial formation, alleviation of airway inflammation, and stimulation of interferon secretion and immune system; however, the anti-RSV mechanisms of TCMHs are complicated, which should be further investigated.