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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 6267879, 16 pages
Research Article

Evaluation of a Specialized Yoga Program for Persons Admitted to a Complex Continuing Care Hospital: A Pilot Study

1Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health, York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3
2Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Sinai Health System, 982-600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1X5
3Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, 4th Floor, 155 College St., Toronto, ON, Canada M5T 3M6
4Vidya Institute, 253 Christie St., Toronto, ON, Canada M6G 3B8
5Therapeutic Recreation, Sinai Health System-Bridgepoint Site, 1 Bridgepoint Drive, Toronto, ON, Canada M4M 2B5

Received 27 May 2016; Revised 7 October 2016; Accepted 7 November 2016

Academic Editor: Bangalore N. Gangadhar

Copyright © 2016 Kathryn Curtis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a specialized yoga intervention for inpatients in a rehabilitation and complex continuing care hospital. Design. Single-cohort repeated measures design. Methods. Participants () admitted to a rehabilitation and complex continuing care hospital were recruited to participate in a 50–60 min Hatha Yoga class (modified for wheelchair users/seated position) once a week for eight weeks, with assigned homework practice. Questionnaires on pain (pain, pain interference, and pain catastrophizing), psychological variables (depression, anxiety, and experiences with injustice), mindfulness, self-compassion, and spiritual well-being were collected at three intervals: pre-, mid-, and post-intervention. Results. Repeated measures ANOVAs revealed a significant main effect of time indicating improvements over the course of the yoga program on the (1) anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, = 4.74, , and = .35, (2) Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form, = 3.71, , and = .29, and (3) Magnification subscale of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, = 3. 66, , and = .29. Discussion. The results suggest that an 8-week Hatha Yoga program improves pain-related factors and psychological experiences in individuals admitted to a rehabilitation and complex continuing care hospital.