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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 7137362, 9 pages
Review Article

Traditional Chinese Mind and Body Exercises for Promoting Balance Ability of Old Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1Department of Kinesiology, Texas A&M University Texarkana, TX, USA
2Department of Physical Education, Chinese University of HK, Shenzhen, China
3College of Nursing and Health Science, University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, TX, USA
4Department of Traditional Sports, Beijing Sports University, Beijing, China

Received 12 June 2016; Revised 8 October 2016; Accepted 13 October 2016

Academic Editor: Carmen Mannucci

Copyright © 2016 Shihui Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to provide a quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of traditional Chinese mind and body exercises in promoting balance ability for old adults. The eligible studies were extensively searched from electronic databases (Medline, CINAHL, SportDicus, and Web of Science) until 10 May 2016. Reference lists of relevant publications were screened for future hits. The trials used randomized controlled approaches to compare the effects of traditional Chinese mind and body exercise (TCMBE) on balance ability of old adults that were included. The synthesized results of Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), and static balance with 95% confidence intervals were counted under a random-effects model. Ten studies were selected based on the inclusion criteria, and a total of 1,798 participants were involved in this review. The results of the meta-analysis showed that TCMBE had no significant improvement on BBS and TUG, but the BBS and TUG could be obviously improved by prolonging the intervention time. In addition, the results showed that TCMBE could significantly improve the static balance compared to control group. In conclusion, old adults who practiced TCMBE with the time not less than 150 minutes per week for more than 15 weeks could promote the balance ability.