Table 2: mRNA fold change of PPARγ, leptin receptor, and STAT3 expression in each group.

GroupPPARγLeptin receptorSTAT3

Con1.00 ± 0.0451.00 ± 0.3031.00 ± 0.084
Con-EA0.98 ± 0.0791.05 ± 0.1040.21 ± 0.031
T2DM1.03 ± 0.0361.49 ± 0.1761.67 ± 0.207
T2DM-EA1.11 ± 0.0641.36 ± 0.0881.47 ± 0.135
T2DM-RSG1.21 ± 0.065#0.97 ± 0.1310.50 ± 0.073#
T2DM-RSG-EA0.90 ± 0.050&1.96 ± 0.258&&0.61 ± 0.021&

Data were expressed as mean ± SD, , versus Con rats, # versus T2DM rats, and &, && versus T2DM-RSG rats using Student’s -test.