Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Probiotics and the Microbiome in Celiac Disease: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Table 2

Comparison of demographic health indicators.

Demographic and health indicators
(%)
Placebo ()Probiotic () value

Age mean (SD) 47.5 (12.87)47.1 (16.06)0.924
Gender: males 4 (18)3 (14)0.946
Gender: females 17 (77)18 (85)0.946
Proton pump inhibitor use4 (18)4 (19)0.271
Antidepressant use4 (18)3 (14)0.644
Anti-inflammatory use2 (9)2 (9)0.964
No family history of CD13 (59)16 (76)0.474
Family history of CD9 (40)7 (33)0.474
No improvement of villous architecture >12 months of GFD1 (4)1 (4)0.975
Partial improvement of villous architecture after >12 months of GFD8 (36)12 (57)0.975
Full villous architecture restoration after >12 months of GFD5 (22)5 (23)0.975
No follow-up biopsy conducted5 (22)5 (23)0.975
Having a tonsillectomy11 (50)12 (57)0.843
Breast-feeding for 6–12 months8 (36)8 (38)0.887
>3 course of antibiotics in first 12 months of life13 (59)13 (61)0.975
>3 respiratory infections in first 12 months of life13 (59)15 (71)0.975
Known food intolerance other than gluten11 (50)12 (57)0.843
No known food intolerance other than gluten11 (50)11 (52)0.887