Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2017 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Oral Administration of Red Ginseng Extract Promotes Neurorestoration after Compressive Spinal Cord Injury in Rats

Figure 4

Oral administration of RGE reduced IL-1β and TNFα expressions in the spinal cord at 7 and 14 days after SCI. (a) Expression of IL-1β protein in spinal cord of rats before and after SCI. Compared to vehicle-treated group, RGE-treated group showed decreased IL-1β expression at 7 and 14 days after SCI. (b) Expression of TNFα protein in damaged spinal cords before and after SCI. TNFα concentration in damaged spinal cord of RGE-treated group was significantly reduced at 7 and 14 days after SCI, compared with that in vehicle-treated control. All values are presented as mean ± SD. . , indicate significantly less values than vehicle-treated control.